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Experiences in 81 patients with variant angina were reviewed with the goal of determining which clinical features were associated with the greatest risk of angina-linked cardiac arrest (13 patients) or sudden unexpected death (9 patients). The risk of occurrence of one of these actually or potentially fatal events was approximately tripled by the presence(More)
We report clinical experience with the coronary vasodilator nifedipine in 127 patients with symptoms of myocardial ischemia associated with electrocardiographic or angiographic evidence, or both, of coronary-artery spasm. In the majority of patients conventional antianginal therapy including nitrates and beta-adrenergic blockers failed, and in one third of(More)
Available estimates of the ratio of wall thickness to luminal radius of human coronary arteries and certain geometrical assumptions were used to calculate the amounts of vascular smooth muscle shortening required to produce specific changes in luminal diameter for hypothetical "normal" and stenotic arteries. The results indicate that even modest mural(More)
The echocardiographic findings of eight patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy without outflow obstruction (HMC) and of 15 normal (Norm) individuals are presented. The characteristic features in HMC were: (1) interventricular septal width much greater than normal (HMC= 2.5 + 0.3 cm, Norm = 1.0 + 0.2 cm, P <0.005); (2) normal or only slightly increased(More)
Among 63 patients with Prinzmetal's variant angina, coronary arterial spasm responsible for attacks of variant angina was documented arteriographically in 9 patients. In each observed episode (11 attacks in nine patients), coronary spasm producing myocardial ischemia occurred at and was superimposed on a site of preexisting organic stenosis. Measurements of(More)