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For the demand of sever systems with high performance, high density and low power consumption, 3-D DDR4 SDRAM with TSVs was developed. In order to achieve higher data rate at lower voltage in comparison with precedent DDR3 SDRAM with TSVs, the placements of TSVs have been optimized without the penalty of chip size and the calibration method for reducing(More)
Exposures to metal toxicants in the environment disrupt normal physiological functions and have been linked to the development of a myriad of human diseases. While the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying metal toxicities remain to be fully understood, it is well appreciated that metal toxicants induce cellular stresses and that how cells respond to(More)
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