Reuben K. Kiggundu

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BACKGROUND TB meningitis (TBM) diagnosis is difficult and novel diagnostic methods are needed. The World Health Organization recommends Xpert(®) MTB/RIF as the initial TBM diagnostic test based on two studies reporting suboptimal sensitivity (~50-60%). OBJECTIVE To study the effect of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) centrifugation on Xpert performance for TBM(More)
BACKGROUND Cryptococcus is the most common cause of adult meningitis in Africa. We assessed the safety and microbiological efficacy of adjunctive sertraline, previously shown to have in-vitro and in-vivo activity against cryptococcus. METHODS In this open-label dose-finding study, we recruited HIV-infected individuals with cryptococcal meningitis who(More)
Meningitis remains a worldwide problem, and rapid diagnosis is essential to optimize survival. We evaluated the utility of a multiplex PCR test in differentiating possible etiologies of meningitis. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 69 HIV-infected Ugandan adults with meningitis was collected at diagnosis (n=51) and among persons with cryptococcal meningitis(More)
BACKGROUND Cryptococcus neoformans is the most common cause of adult meningitis in sub-Saharan Africa. The cryptococcal antigen (CRAG) lateral flow assay (LFA) has simplified diagnosis as a point-of-care test approved for serum or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). We evaluated the accuracy of the CRAG LFA using fingerstick whole blood compared with serum/plasma(More)
Over the last decade, an upsurge in both the frequency and severity of fungal infections due to the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the use of immunosuppressive therapy has occurred. Even diagnostic methods like culture and microscopy, which have low sensitivity and longer turn-around-times are not widely available, leading to delays in timely antifungal therapy and(More)
BACKGROUND Cross-resistance after first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) failure is expected to impair activity of nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) in second-line therapy for patients with HIV, but evidence for the effect of cross-resistance on virological outcomes is limited. We aimed to assess the association between the activity,(More)
Cryptococcosis is the most common cause of meningitis in Africa due to the high burden of HIV. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is a frequent and deadly complication of cryptococcal meningitis. We report a fatal case of cryptococcal-IRIS in a pregnant woman that began after starting antiretroviral therapy (unmasking IRIS) and markedly(More)
OBJECTIVES Anaemia represents a common toxicity with amphotericin B-based induction therapy in HIV-infected persons with cryptococcal meningitis. We sought to examine the impact of amphotericin-related anaemia on survival. METHODS We used data from Ugandan and South African trial participants to characterize the variation of haemoglobin concentrations(More)
The effect of tenofovir and amphotericin coadministration on kidney function is poorly characterized. We measured creatinine during induction therapy and at 4 weeks after diagnosis in Ugandans undergoing cryptococcal meningitis therapy and classified as not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART), receiving nontenofovir ART or receiving tenofovir-based ART.(More)
Histoplasmosis is the most common endemic mycoses among HIV-infected people. Patients with suppressed cell immunity mainly due to HIV are at increased risk of disseminated disease. Dermatological manifestations of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) and cutaneous manifestations of histoplasmosis similar to an IRIS event have been previously(More)