Reuben D'Souza

Learn More
Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) causes focal lacunar infarction and more diffuse ischaemia, referred to as leukoaraiosis. Endothelial dysfunction has been proposed as a causal mechanism in the disease. Homocysteine is toxic to endothelium. We determined whether elevated homocysteine levels and the methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T(More)
Ethylene dichloride (EDC) is metabolized by two competing pathways both of which consume glutathione (GSH). EDC undergoes oxidation to form chloroacetaldehyde (CAA) which is detoxified by GSH and also reacts directly with GSH to form 2-(s-chloroethyl)-GSH. A physiological pharmacokinetic model developed for EDC was extended to describe tissue GSH turnover(More)
Vinylidene chloride (VDC), a potent hepatotoxin and suspected carcinogen, is metabolized by mixed-function oxidases into a reactive metabolite(s) which is responsible for its toxicity. The metabolite is detoxified by glutathione (GSH), and liver GSH status is an important factor in the expression of VDC toxicity. A physiologically based pharmacokinetic(More)
The pharmacokinetics of trichloroethylene (TCE) was studied in male Sprague-Dawley rats (300-350 g). TCE was administered intravenously and orally at doses of 5, 10, and 25 mg/kg to nonfasted rats and orally at 10 mg/kg to rats fasted for 8-10 h. The disappearance of TCE from the blood of intravenously dosed animals was best described by a two-compartment(More)
Models are intellectual constructs that pattern selected relationships among the elements of one system to correspond in some way to elements of a second system. In pharmacokinetics, physiological models provide a clearly articulated, rational, explanatory basis for the integration of empirical data; they do this by partitioning the biological system into(More)
Although aliphatic halocarbons have been identified as contaminants of drinking water supplies, little definitive information is available on their gastrointestinal (G.I) absorption and toxicokinetics. Therefore, a study of a representative halocarbon, 1,1-dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE), was undertaken to contrast the kinetics of the chemical following iv(More)
The distribution of salicylate to embryonal compartments for in situ and in vitro rat embryos under equivalent exposure conditions, and salicylate disposition in the in vivo mid-gestation embryo and late gestation fetus, were compared. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley CD rats were exposed to steady-state blood levels of salicylate by infusing 14C-salicylic acid iv(More)
  • 1