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Brevican is a nervous system-specific chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan that belongs to the aggrecan family and is one of the most abundant chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans in adult brain. To gain insights into the role of brevican in brain development, we investigated its spatiotemporal expression, cell surface binding, and effects on neurite outgrowth,(More)
The lecticans are a family of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans including aggrecan, versican, neurocan, and brevican. The C-terminal globular domains of lecticans are structurally related to selectins, consisting of a C-type lectin domain flanked by epidermal growth factor and complement regulatory protein domains. The C-type lectin domain of versican has(More)
The X-ray crystallographic structure of porcine kidney D-amino acid oxidase, which had been expressed in Escherichia coli transformed with a vector containing DAO cDNA, was determined by the isomorphous replacement method for the complex form with benzoate. The known amino acid sequence, FAD and benzoate were fitted to an electron density map of 3.0 A(More)
As an extension of our recent X-ray crystallographic determination of the tertiary structure of D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) [Mizutani, H. et al. (1996) J. Biochem. 120, 14-17], we solved the crystal structure of the complex of DAO with a substrate analog, o-aminobenzoate (OAB). The alignment between flavin and OAB in the crystal structure of the complex is(More)
By searching the expressed sequence tag (EST) database, we identified partial cDNA sequences encoding a polypeptide with significant sequence identity to the human CC chemokine macrophage-inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha)/LD78 alpha. We determined the complete cDNA sequence that contained a reading frame of 89 amino acids with 61% identity to human(More)
Acyl-CoA dehydrogenases and acyl-CoA oxidases are two closely related FAD-containing enzyme families that are present in mitochondria and peroxisomes, respectively. They catalyze the dehydrogenation of acyl-CoA thioesters to the corresponding trans-2-enoyl-CoA. This review examines the structure of medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, as a representative of(More)
Brevican is a member of the lectican family of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans that is predominantly expressed in the central nervous system. The susceptibility of brevican to digestion by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1, -2, -3, -7, -8, -9, -10, and -13 and membrane type 1 and 3 MMPs) and aggrecanase-1 (ADAMTS4) was examined. MMP-1, -2, -3, -7, -8, -10,(More)
Partial overlapping cDNA sequences likely to encode a novel human CC chemokine were identified from the GenBank Expressed Sequence Tag data base. Using these sequences, we isolated full-length cDNA encoding a protein of 96 amino acid residues with 20-28% identity to other CC chemokines. By Northern blot, this chemokine was mainly expressed in liver among(More)
BACKGROUND In 1984, Gleich et al. described 4 patients with episodic angioedema associated with eosinophilia (EAE), which was characterized by recurrent episodes of angioedema and urticaria, eosinophilia, elevated serum IgM, fever, increased body weight and a benign course without involvement of the internal organs demonstrating that it was a clinical(More)
The standard redox potential of acrylyl-CoA/propionyl-CoA couple (C(3)) was determined to be 69 mV (vs. standard hydrogen electrode) at pH 7 and 25 degrees C. This value implies that the 2, 3-dehydrogenation of propionyl-CoA is thermodynamically much more unfavorable than that of longer acyl-CoAs because the standard redox potentials of(More)