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The projection from various cortical areas to the pontine nuclei (PN) of rats was investigated with anterograde tracing methods. As a general topological rule, a medial to lateral succession of the PN projection fields from the motor, somatosensory, and visual cortices was observed. Apart from the main "private" projections, each cortical area was found to(More)
The interrelationship of medial area 6 (supplementary motor area) with the thalamus was investigated by means of anterograde and retrograde tracing methods. Nine monkeys were prepared for autoradiography or histochemistry with the marker HRP conjugated to the lectin wheat germ agglutinin. Three of the monkeys received injections into the precentral cortex(More)
The possibility of a cerebellar linkage, via the thalamus with medial area 6 of the cerebral cortex was further explored in the present experiments (cf. preceding companion paper). It was found that HRP conjugated to the lectin wheat germ agglutinin injected into motor cortical areas was transported beyond the thalamus to the contralateral intracerebellar(More)
The expanse of cerebral cortex containing corticopontine neurons was explored in rats. The retrograde tracer horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was iontophoresed into subdivisions of the pontine nuclei (PN). The densest projection was seen to originate from somatosensory and motor areas. Visual areas also provide a major contigent of corticopontine neurons,(More)
Intracortical microstimulation of the supplementary motor area (SMA) was studied in awake monkeys. With short trains of micropulses, contralateral muscle twitches mainly in shoulder and proximal arm muscles were elicited. There was an indication of a rostro-caudal representation of distal to proximal forelimb, trunk, and proximal to distal hindlimb muscles.(More)
Kinesthetic responses of neurones in the motor cortex, including the primary motor (MI), the supplementary motor (SMA) and the postarcuate premotor (PMC) areas, were investigated in the awake, chronically prepared monkey. In all three subareas, neurones were recorded which responded to passive elbow flexions and extensions induced by a torque motor. In the(More)
Recent work on the supplementary motor area (SMA) in Macaca fascicularis led to the conclusion that this area is involved mainly in the preparation of self-paced movements. Results are presented indicating that the posterior portion of the SMA is also directly involved in movement execution and that it receives various sensory inputs. The main results are(More)
The bulbar relay subserved by primary muscle afferents from the monkey's deep radial nerve was investigated by means of transganglionic labeling with wheatgerm agglutinin conjugated with horseradish peroxidase as well as by electrophysiological techniques. It was found that the "deep" input was confined to the pars triangularis of the main cuneate nucleus(More)