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Although skin is the largest organ of the human body, cutaneous drug metabolism is often overlooked, and existing experimental models are insufficiently validated. This proof-of-concept study investigated phase II biotransformation of 11 test substrates in fresh full-thickness human skin explants, a model containing all skin cell types. Results show that(More)
The development of volume replacement fluids for resuscitation in hemorrhagic shock comprises oxygen carrying and non carrying fluids. Non oxygen carrying fluids or plasma expanders are used up to the transfusion trigger, and upon reaching this landmark either blood, and possibly in the near future oxygen carrying blood substitutes, are used. An(More)
Partial skin and fat necrosis is the most common complication occurring in TRAM flaps. It is related to disturbances of the microcirculation and oxygenation in the contralateral part of the flap. It may be hypothesised that the development of necrosis is promoted by the vasoconstrictor endothelin, the production of which is enhanced in ischaemic flap(More)
OBJECTIVE Sternal osteitis after median sternotomy is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The use of muscle and omentum flaps has been proved as valid adjunct to combat these severe infections. In this study we present our experience with a more radical approach. METHODS Sternectomy consisted of the resection of the entire sternum,(More)
BACKGROUND Marjolin's ulcer is a rare and often aggressive cutaneous malignancy arising in previously traumatized or chronically inflamed skin. METHOD CASE REPORT A 79-year-old World War II veteran developed basal cell carcinoma (BCC) at the site of a war wound. The tumour developed in relation to several metal grenade fragments. With a disease-free(More)
Ilioinguinal dissection is associated with a high rate of lymphatic complications. Prolonged lymph flow causes greatest concern and preventive strategies are needed. A retrospective study of 28 consecutive patients undergoing groin dissection for melanoma metastases was performed to evaluate the influence of sartorius muscle transposition on lymph flow.(More)
Ideally, reconstruction of lower extremity soft tissue defects includes not only an esthetically pleasing 3-dimensional shape and solid anchoring to the underlying structures to resist shear forces, but should also address the restoration of sensation. Therefore, we present a prospective study on defect reconstruction of the lower leg and ankle to evaluate(More)
Painful neuromas may follow traumatic nerve injury. We carried out a double-blind controlled trial in which patients with a painful neuroma of the lower limb (n = 20) were randomly assigned to treatment by resection of the neuroma and translocation of the proximal nerve stump into either muscle tissue or an adjacent subcutaneous vein. Translocation into a(More)
BACKGROUND Fat grafting for primary breast augmentation is growing in popularity due to its autologous properties and its side benefit of removing unwanted fat from other areas, although volume gain is unpredictable and patient safety remains unclear. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to provide an evidence-based overview of autologous fat grafting to(More)
Complications and failures after microvascular free tissue transfer for lower extremity reconstruction have a negative impact on postoperative course and final outcome. Therefore, a 10-year analysis on lower extremity reconstruction with free flaps was performed with a special emphasis on patient co-morbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes(More)