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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an anti-GnRH vaccine on testosterone concentration, antibody titer, scrotal width, semen quality and sexual behavior in the stallion. Adverse reactions to the vaccine were also determined. Eight clinically healthy sexually experienced stallions aged between 6 and 15 years from the National Stud in(More)
Xenopus neural crest cells migrated toward the cathode in an applied electrical field of 10 mV/mm or greater. This behavior was observed in relatively isolated cells, as well as in groups of neural crest cells; however, the velocity of directed migration usually declined when a cell made close contact with other cells. Melanocytes with a full complement of(More)
Immunogold labeling and silver enhancement techniques are widely used to determine density and distribution of cell membrane receptors by light and transmission electron microscopy. However, these techniques have not been widely used for receptor detection by scanning electron microscopy. We used antigen- or protein A-conjugated colloidal gold particles,(More)
An extracellular vibrating electrode has been used to investigate epithelial current production by Xenopus neurulae. Xenopus neurulae, in 5% DeBoer (DB) solution, stages 14-22, generated an endogenous current which left the blastopores of the embryos, and entered all other locations. The inward current declined near the mid line of the neural groove in(More)
A fluorescence microscopy technique was used to image the dynamics of individual DNA molecules. Lambda, calf thymus, cosmid (circular), and T4 DNA were studied with the fluorescent dye acridine orange. Experiments with DNAase I were conducted, and the results indicate that these observations correspond to DNA molecules. The results of experiments with(More)
We describe here experiments which reveal a new physiological specialization in the endplate (synaptic) region of skeletal muscle fibres. Using a vibrating microelectrode which can detect small currents flowing in extracellular fluid, we have found that the membrane in the endplate region behaves as though a steady positive current is generated in this(More)
We have explored the pattern of electrical currents generated by single cells of the water mold Blastocladiella emersonii at several stages of its life cycle. Extracellular currents were measured with a vibrating probe constructed after the design of Jaffe and Nuccitelli [Jaffe, L. F. & Nuccitelli, R. (1974) J. Cell Biol. 63, 614-628]. In growing cells(More)
We have studied healing of Xenopus neurulae in order to investigate the role of endogenous sodium-carried electric currents in wound closure. Transected embryos healed completely within 7 hr in an artificial pond water medium. Wound closure was biphasic, with a rapid purse string-like contraction that was independent of sodium concentration followed by a(More)