Reto Nüesch

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BACKGROUND Microscopic diagnosis of malaria is unreliable outside specialized centers. Rapid tests have become available in recent years, but their accuracy has not been assessed systematically. PURPOSE To determine the accuracy of rapid diagnostic tests for ruling out malaria in nonimmune travelers returning from malaria-endemic areas. DATA SOURCES The(More)
For 89 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and 32 HIV-negative immunocompromised patients who had 121 episodes of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), clinical features and changes over time were compared. HIV-infected patients characteristically had a longer duration of symptoms (23 vs. 13 days; P<.005); were younger (39 vs. 48 years; P<.001); had(More)
Potent antiretroviral therapy has dramatically improved the prognosis of patients infected with HIV-1. Primary and secondary prophylaxis against Pneumocystis carinii, Mycobacterium avium, cytomegalovirus, and other pathogens can be discontinued safely once CD4 cell counts have increased beyond pathogen-specific thresholds. Approximately one-third of(More)
PURPOSE Rifampin combination therapy plays an important role in the management of staphylococcal periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). However, the emergence of rifampin resistance is a feared complication. We retrospectively analysed predetermined potential risk factors in patients with rifampin-resistant staphylococcal PJI in a multicentre case-control(More)
BACKGROUND Stopping antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV-1 infection can reduce costs and side-effects, but carries the risk of increased immune suppression and emergence of resistance. METHODS 430 patients with CD4-positive T-lymphocyte (CD4) counts greater than 350 cells per muL, and viral load less than 50 copies per mL were randomised to(More)
OBJECTIVE Investigation on anxiety, stress, depression, and quality of life (QoL) within STACCATO, a randomised trial of two treatment strategies: CD4 guided scheduled treatment interruption (STI) compared to continuous treatment (CT). PARTICIPANTS Thai patients with HIV-infection enrolled in the STACCATO trial. METHODS Anxiety, depression assessed by(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of simplified maintenance therapy (SMT) compared with continued protease inhibitor (PI) therapy. DESIGN Meta-analysis of nine randomized controlled trials in which 833 patients were switched to SMT (abacavir, efavirenz or nevirapine) and 616 continued PI, assessing virologic failure (primary outcome),(More)
The increase in international travel and immigration from tropical countries has led to a growing number of imported malaria cases in industrialized countries. We analyzed the charts of every patient hospitalized for malaria from 1970-1992 in Basel, Switzerland. A period lasting from 1970-1986 was compared to 1987-1992. There were 150 malaria-episodes(More)
BACKGROUND Due to persistent international travel and immigration trends, imported malaria remains to be of clinical and public health importance in nonendemic countries. The aim of this study was to investigate trends in imported malaria over a period of more than three decades. METHODS We assessed travel history, demographic characteristics, and(More)
We report on a 41-year-old patient admitted for refractory arterial hypertension that had developed after a curative chemotherapy regimen due to seminoma stadium IIb four years ago. After exclusion of secondary forms of arterial hypertension (actually unsuccessfully treated with 5 different antihypertensive drugs) we performed a controlled medication(More)