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Membrane Cl(-) channels play an important role in cell volume homeostasis and regulation of volume-sensitive cell transport and metabolism. Heterologous expression of ClC-2 channel cDNA leads to the appearance of swelling-activated Cl(-) currents, consistent with a role in cell volume regulation. Since channel properties in heterologous models are(More)
The P2X family of ligand-gated cation channels is comprised of seven distinct isoforms activated by binding of extracellular purines. Although originally identified in neurons, there is increasing evidence for expression of P2X receptors in epithelia as well. Because ATP is released by both hepatocytes and cholangiocytes, these studies were performed to(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Increases in intracellular Ca 2+ are thought to complement cAMP in stimulating Cl - secretion in cholangiocytes, although the site(s) of action and channels involved are unknown. We have identified a Ca 2+ -activated K + channel (SK2) in biliary epithelium that is inhibited by apamin. The purpose of the present studies was to define the(More)
Proliferation of cyst-lining epithelial cells is an integral part of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) cyst growth. Cytokines and growth factors within cyst fluids are positioned to induce cyst growth. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a pleiotropic growth factor present in ADPKD liver cyst fluids (human 1,128 +/- 78, mouse(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a highly prevalent genetic disease that results in cyst formation in kidney and liver. Cytokines and growth factors secreted by the cyst-lining epithelia are positioned to initiate autocrine/paracrine signaling and promote cyst growth. Comparative analyses of human kidney and liver cyst fluids revealed(More)
Proteins expressing postsynaptic density (PSD)-95/Drosophila disk large (Dlg)/zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) (PDZ) domains are commonly involved in moderating receptor, channel, and transporter activities at the plasma membrane in a variety of cell types. At the apical membrane of renal proximal tubules (PT), the type IIa NaP(i) cotransporter (NaP(i)-IIa) binds(More)
Albuminuria is a strong and independent predictor of kidney disease progression but the mechanisms of albumin handling by the kidney remain to be fully defined. Previous studies have shown that podocytes endocytose albumin. Here we demonstrate that Shank2, a large scaffolding protein originally identified at the neuronal postsynaptic density, is expressed(More)
Medical education is perceived as being stressful as it is characterized by many psychological changes in students. 1 The study was aimed to determine the prevalence of stress among medical students-2011 admission batch. Their physical examination, anthropometry and BP measurements were done. GHQ-12 was used as a screening instrument for assessment of(More)
Patients with screening diagnoses of DSM-III-R anxiety disorders were surveyed in two clinics, one oriented toward pharmacology, the other toward behavior therapy. Patients in the two clinics were similar on demographic, diagnostic, and treatment variables but dissimilar on severity and composition of symptoms and on the use of medications and medical(More)
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