Renzo Guerrini

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BACKGROUND There have been difficulties in achieving a uniform terminology in the literature regarding issues of classification with respect to focal cortical dysplasias (FCDs) associated with epilepsy. OBJECTIVE S: To review and refine the current terminology and classification issues of potential clinical relevance to epileptologists, neuroradiologists,(More)
PURPOSE   Focal cortical dysplasias (FCD) are localized regions of malformed cerebral cortex and are very frequently associated with epilepsy in both children and adults. A broad spectrum of histopathology has been included in the diagnosis of FCD. An ILAE task force proposes an international consensus classification system to better characterize specific(More)
Nociceptin (NC), alias Orphanin FQ, has been recently identified as the endogenous ligand of the opioid receptor-like 1 receptor (OP(4)). This new NC/OP(4) receptor system belongs to the opioid family and has been characterized pharmacologically with functional and binding assays on native (mouse, rat, guinea-pig) and recombinant (human) receptors, by using(More)
The many recent discoveries concerning the molecular biologic bases of malformations of cortical development and the discovery of new such malformations have rendered previous classifications out of date. A revised classification of malformations of cortical development is proposed, based on the stage of development (cell proliferation, neuronal migration,(More)
Increasing recognition of malformations of cortical development and continuing improvements in imaging techniques, molecular biologic techniques, and knowledge of mechanisms of brain development have resulted in continual improvement of the understanding of these disorders. The authors propose a revised classification based on the stage of development (cell(More)
1 Departments of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, Neurology, Paediatrics and Neurosurgery, The University of California at San Francisco and the Benioff Children’s Hospital at UCSF, San Francisco, CA 94143-0628, USA 2 Child Neurology Unit, A. Meyer Children’s Hospital, University of Florence, Florence 50100, Italy 3 IRCCS Stella Maris, Pisa 56108, Italy 4(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Neuropeptide S (NPS) was recently identified as the endogenous ligand of an orphan receptor, now referred to as the NPS receptor. In vivo, NPS produces a unique behavioural profile by increasing wakefulness and exerting anxiolytic-like effects. In the present study, we further evaluated the effects of in vivo supraspinal NPS in mice.(More)
[Phe1psi(CH2-NH)Gly2]NC(1-13)NH2 has been tested in the electrically stimulated guinea pig ileum and mouse vas deferens, two nociceptin sensitive preparations. The new compound showed per se little or no effect in the two tissues, but it displaced to the right the concentration-response curves of nociceptin in a concentration-dependent manner. Schild(More)
Advances in neuroimaging techniques have enabled the recognition of developmental malformations of the brain during life. Careful correlation of clinical and imaging features has identified several new syndromes. We have studied 31 patients with a congenital neurological syndrome characterised by pseudobulbar palsy, cognitive deficits, and bilateral(More)
Malformations of cortical development (MCDs) are macroscopic or microscopic abnormalities of the cerebral cortex that arise as a consequence of an interruption to the normal steps of formation of the cortical plate. The human cortex develops its basic structure during the first two trimesters of pregnancy as a series of overlapping steps, beginning with(More)