Learn More
Deferasirox (ICL670) is a once-daily oral iron chelator developed for the treatment of chronic iron overload from blood transfusions. A comparative phase 3 trial was conducted to demonstrate the efficacy of deferasirox in regularly transfused patients with beta-thalassemia aged 2 years or older. Patients were randomized and received treatment with(More)
We have characterized and compared a series of naturally occurring chromosomal truncations involving the terminal region of the short arm of human chromosome 16 (16p13.3). All six broken chromosomes appear to have been stabilized by the direct addition of telomeric repeats (TTAGGG)n to nontelomeric DNA. In five of the six chromosomes, sequence analysis(More)
Patients with thalassemia major accumulate body iron over time as a consequence of continuous red blood cell transfusions which cause hepatic, endocrine, and cardiac complications. Despite the availability of three iron chelators, some patients fail to respond adequately to monotherapy with any of them. Combination therapy, consisting in the use of two(More)
The Immunoglobulin Heavy chain Constant region (IGHC) locus is a multigene family composed of highly homologous segments often involved in unequal crossings over that lead to deleted and duplicated haplotypes. The frequencies of these haplotypes in 558 individuals from Lombardy, Veneto, Puglia and Sardinia were determined by Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Iron accumulation is an inevitable consequence of chronic blood transfusions and results in serious complications in the absence of chelation treatment to remove excess iron. Deferoxamine (Desferal, DFO) reduces morbidity and mortality although the administration schedule of slow, parenteral infusions several days each week limits(More)
BACKGROUND Hepcidin plays a key role in body iron metabolism by preventing the release of iron from macrophages and intestinal cells. Defective hepcidin synthesis causes iron loading, while overproduction results in defective reticuloendothelial iron release and iron absorption. DESIGN AND METHODS We studied a Sardinian family in which microcytic anemia(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure secondary to myocardial iron loading remains the leading cause of death in thalassemia major (TM). We used cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to assess the prevalence of myocardial iron overload and ventricular dysfunction in a large cohort of TM patients maintained on conventional chelation treatment with deferoxamine. (More)
OBJECTIVES/METHODS This 1-yr prospective phase II trial evaluated the efficacy of deferasirox in regularly transfused patients aged 3-81 yrs with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS; n = 47), Diamond-Blackfan anaemia (DBA; n = 30), other rare anaemias (n = 22) or beta-thalassaemia (n = 85). Dosage was determined by baseline liver iron concentration (LIC). (More)
Most deaths in beta-thalassemia major result from cardiac complications due to iron overload. Differential effects on myocardial siderosis may exist between different chelators. A randomized controlled trial was performed in 61 patients previously maintained on subcutaneous deferoxamine. The primary end point was the change in myocardial siderosis(More)
In previous trials, the orally active iron chelator deferiprone (L1) has been associated with sporadic agranulocytosis, milder forms of neutropenia and other side-effects. To determine the incidence of these events, we performed a multicentre prospective study of the chelator. Blood counts were performed weekly, and confirmed neutropenia mandated(More)