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— Evolutionary algorithms are commonly used to create high-performing strategies or agents for computer games. In this paper, we instead choose to evolve the racing tracks in a car racing game. An evolvable track representation is devised, and a multiobjective evolutionary algorithm maximises the entertainment value of the track relative to a particular(More)
This paper explores the idea that it may be possible to combine two ideas – UAV flocking, and wireless cluster computing – in a single system, the UltraSwarm. The possible advantages of such a system are considered, and solutions to some of the technical problems are identified. Initial work on constructing such a system based around miniature electric(More)
— The problem of the automatic development of controllers for vehicles for which the exact characteristics are not known is considered in the context of miniature helicopter flocking. A methodology is proposed in which neural network based controllers are evolved in a simulation using a dynamic model qualitatively similar to the physical helicopter. Several(More)
—Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) play an invaluable role in information collection and data fusion. Because of their mobility and the complexity of deployed environments, constant position awareness and collision avoidance are essential. UAVs may encounter and/or cause danger if their Global Positioning System (GPS) signal is weak or unavailable. This paper(More)
—Geometric particle swarm optimization (GPSO) is a recently introduced formal generalization of traditional particle swarm optimization (PSO) that applies naturally to both continuous and combinatorial spaces. In this paper we apply GPSO to the space of genetic programs represented as expression trees, uniting the paradigms of genetic programming and(More)
We describe further progress towards the development of a MAV (micro aerial vehicle) designed as an enabling tool to investigate aerial flocking. Our research focuses on the use of low cost off the shelf vehicles and sensors to enable fast prototyping and to reduce development costs. Details on the design of the embedded electronics and the modification of(More)
The problem of how to acquire a model of a physical robot,which is fit for evolution of controllers that can subsequently be used to control that robot, is considered in the context of racing a radio-controlled toy car around a randomised track. Several modelling techniques are compared, and the specific properties of the acquired models that influence the(More)