Renzo Cordera

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The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) is released from glucose-challenged human pancreatic β cells and stimulates insulin secretion. We investigated whether plasma ABA increased during oral and intravenous glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs and IVGTTs) in healthy human subjects. In all subjects undergoing OGTTs (n=8), plasma ABA increased over basal values (in(More)
Changes in body composition, hormone secretions, and heart function with increased risk of sudden death occur in eating disorders. In this observational clinical study, we evaluated sympathovagal modulation of heart rate variability (HRV) and cardiovascular changes in response to lying-to-standing in patients with anorexia (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN) to(More)
OBJECTIVE Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) resolves type 2 diabetes in near totality of morbidly obeses [BMI (body mass index) ≥35 kg/m]. However, studies of BPD effect in BMI range 25.0 to 34.9 kg/m, including about 90% of diabetic patients, are lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS If BPD effects are independent of weight changes, they should be maintained in(More)
The C860S mutation (IR) in the extracellular domain of the insulin receptor b-subunit has previously been shown to result in an inhibition of insulin receptor internalization. The present work aims at further dissecting the consequences of this mutation not only on insulin receptor internalization, but also on the signaling of the receptor. Following(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin is a recently discovered hormone that is produced mainly by the stomach and that increases food intake in rodents and humans. It has been postulated that the weight loss after gastric bypass surgery for obesity might be related to changes in serum ghrelin concentration. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Serum leptin and ghrelin(More)
In conclusion, we have reported an association between low IGF-I concentrations and CAD in relatively young men. This observation raises the possibility that IGF-I deficiency could be part of the polymetabolic syndrome. Whether a subnormal IGF-I production is due to growth hormone secretory abnormalities or to other metabolic reasons (e.g., insulin(More)
BACKGROUND Beneficial effects of BPD on T2DM in BMI >35 kg/m(2) patients are far better than those in patients with BMI 25-35. This study was aimed at investigating if a similar difference exists between patients with mild obesity (OB, BMI 30-35) or simple overweight (OW, BMI 25-30). METHODS Fifteen OB (six M) and 15 OW (13 M), diabetic for ≥ 3 years,(More)
BACKGROUND A deranged adipokine system is implicated in obesity and in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and the lack of remission of T2DM after bariatric surgery could be also accounted for by the postoperative persistence of this condition. METHODS Thirty T2DM patients undergoing biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) with a wide range of baseline body mass(More)
Pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) acts at the crossroad of growth and metabolism pathways in cells. PKM2 regulation by growth factors can redirect glycolytic intermediates into key biosynthetic pathway. Here we show that IGF1 can regulate glycolysis rate, stimulate PKM2 Ser/Thr phosphorylation and decrease cellular pyruvate kinase activity. Upon IGF1 treatment we(More)
Caveolae are lipid raft microdomains that regulate endocytosis and signal transduction. IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) localizes in caveolae and tyrosine phosphorylates caveolin 1, supporting a role for these subcellular regions in the compartmentalization of IGF-I signaling. Src homology 2/alpha-collagen related protein (Shc) is the main mediator of IGF-I(More)