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Cardiovascular responses during resting apnoea include three phases: (1) a dynamic phase of rapid changes, lasting at most 30 s; (2) a subsequent steady phase; and (3) a further dynamic phase, with a continuous decrease in heart rate (HR) and an increase in blood pressure. The interpretation was that the end of the steady phase corresponds to the(More)
Morton (J Sport Sci 29:307–309, 2011) proposed a model of the peak power attained in ramp protocol ( $$\dot{w}_{\text{peak}}$$ w · peak ) that included critical power (CP) and anaerobic capacity as constants, and mean ramp slope (S) as variable. Our hypothesis is that $$\dot{w}_{\text{peak}}$$ w · peak depends only on S, so that Morton’s model should be(More)
The benefits that physical exercise confers on cardiovascular health are well known, whereas the notion that physical exercise can also improve cognitive performance has only recently begun to be explored and has thus far yielded only controversial results. In the present study, we used a sample of young male subjects to test the effects that a single bout(More)
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