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The rhythmic components of heart rate variability (HRV) can be separated and quantitatively assessed by means of power spectral analysis. The powers of high frequency (HF) and low frequency (LF) components of HRV have been shown to estimate cardiac vagal and sympathetic activities. The reliability of these spectral indices, as well as that of LF/HF ratio as(More)
The contracting muscle generates a low frequency sound detectable at the belly surface, ranging from 11 to 40 Hz. To study the relationship between the muscular sound and the intensity of the contraction a sound myogram (SMG) was recorded by a contact sensor from the biceps brachii of seven young healthy males performing 4-s isometric contractions from 10%(More)
PURPOSE The effects of an intense 8-wk aerobic training program on cardiovascular responses at rest and during exercise, including heart rate variability (HRV) as an expression of autonomic modulation, were evaluated in subjects over 70 yr (mean: 73.9 +/- 3.5 yr). METHODS Before and after training in 7 men and 8 women: a) heart rate (HR), blood pressures(More)
The power spectral analysis of R-R interval variability (RRV) has been estimated by means of an autoregressive method in seven sedentary males at rest, during steady-state cycle exercise at 21 percent maximal oxygen uptake (%VO2max), SEM 2%, 49% VO2max, SEM 2% and 70% VO2max, SEM 2% and during recovery. The RRV, i.e. the absolute power of the spectrum,(More)
The frequency content of muscular sound (MS), detected by placing a contact sensor transducer over the belly of the biceps brachii during 10 isometric contractions of 4 s each [10-100% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)] in seven sedentary men, was analyzed by the maximum entropy spectral estimation and the fast Fourier transform methods. With(More)
Cardiovascular responses during resting apnoea include three phases: (1) a dynamic phase of rapid changes, lasting at most 30 s; (2) a subsequent steady phase; and (3) a further dynamic phase, with a continuous decrease in heart rate (HR) and an increase in blood pressure. The interpretation was that the end of the steady phase corresponds to the(More)
The sympatho-vagal nerve interaction at the heart was studied by means of power spectrum analysis of heart rate variability in seven Caucasians (aged 27-35 years) in resting supine and sitting positions before and during 35 days of a sojourn at 5050 m above sea level (asl) and in six Sherpas (aged 22-30 years) at high altitude only. A high frequency peak(More)
To evaluate if changes in athletes' physical fitness due to seasonal training are associated with changes in cardiovascular autonomic control, nine swimmers (three males and six females; aged 14-18 years) were evaluated before and after 5 months of training and competitions. Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and ventilatory threshold were determined(More)
The time course of heart rate (HR) and venous blood norepinephrine concentration [NE], as an expression of the sympathetic nervous activity (SNA), was studied in six sedentary young men during recovery from three periods of cycle ergometer exercise at 21% +/- 2.8%, 43% +/- 2.1% and 65% +/- 2.3% of VO2max respectively (mean +/- SE). The HR decreased(More)
The sound (SMG) generated by the biceps muscle during isometric exercise at 20, 40, 60, and 80% of maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) up to exhaustion has been recorded by a contact transducer and integrated (iSMG), together with the surface electromyogram (EMG) in eight young untrained men. At the onset of exercise, iSMG and integrated surface EMG (iEMG)(More)