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The analysis on codon usage bias of UL24 gene of duck enteritis virus (DEV) may improve our understanding of the evolution and pathogenesis of DEV and provide a basis for understanding the relevant mechanism for biased usage of synonymous codons and for selecting appropriate expression systems to improve the expression of target genes. The codon usage bias(More)
Anatid herpesvirus 1 (AHV-1) is an alphaherpesvirus associated with latent infection and mortality in ducks and geese and is currently affecting the world-wide waterfowl production severely. Here we describe a fluorescent quantitative real-time PCR (FQ-PCR) method developed for fast measurement of AHV-1 DNA based on TaqMan MGB technology. The detection(More)
The Chinese virulent (CHv) strain of duck enteritis virus (DEV) has a genome of approximately 162,175 nucleotides with a GC content of 44.89%. Here we report the complete genomic sequence and annotation of DEV CHv, which offer an effective platform for providing authentic research experiences to novice scientists. In addition, knowledge of this virus will(More)
A chicken embryo-adapted duck enteritis virus (DEV) strain is the most widely used vaccine against duck virus enteritis (DVE) infection. The kinetics of attenuated DEV vaccine was examined in tissues of ducklings vaccinated by the mucosal or systemic route at 20 days of age and sampled regularly up to 60 days post-vaccination (p.v.). Significant numbers of(More)
Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay (qRT-PCR) has become the benchmark for detection and quantification of target gene expression level and been utilized increasingly in detection of viral load and therapy monitoring. The dynamic transcription variation of duck enteritis virus UL55 gene during the life cycle of duck(More)
The petroleum ether extract of neem oil and its four fractions separated by column chromatography was diluted at different concentrations with liquid paraffin. The acaricidal bioassay was conducted using a dipping method. The results indicated that the median lethal concentration (LC50) of the petroleum ether extract (at the concentration of 500.0ml/l) was(More)
We have previously reported that a targeted anti-caries DNA plasmid pGJA-P/VAX which was constructed against the antigenic determinants of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) successfully induced antibody responses in mice and monkeys. The present study explored the protective efficacy of pGJA-P/VAX against cariogenic bacterial challenge. Groups of rats were(More)
In order to define clearly the conditions leading to the outcome of acute duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) infection, 1-day-old Pekin ducklings were infected with DHBV by different routes and given different doses of inoculum. Groups of 24 ducklings were inoculated either intravenously via the vena cruralis, or intraperitoneally with pooled serum containing(More)
We have previously reported that a targeted anti-caries DNA vaccine, pGJA-P, induced accelerated and increased antibody responses compared with a non-targeted anti-caries DNA vaccine. Recently, pGJA-P/VAX, a new targeted anti-caries DNA vaccine for human trials, was constructed by replacing the pCI vector used in the construction of pGJA-P with pVAX1, the(More)
This study demonstrated berberine to be a potential natural compound against Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. Liquid doubling dilution, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), SDS-PAGE and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining were employed to elucidate the antibacterial activity and mechanism of berberine. The minimal inhibitory concentration of(More)