Renu K. Garg

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OBJECTIVES We assessed the extent of exposure to lead, cadmium, and mercury in the New York City (NYC) adult population. METHODS We measured blood metal concentrations in a representative sample of 1,811 NYC residents as part of the NYC Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2004. RESULTS The geometric mean blood mercury concentration was 2.73(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and to assess clinical management indicators among adults with diabetes in a representative sample of New York City adults. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In 2004, New York City implemented the first community-level Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NYC HANES),(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to analyse treatment outcomes of patients receiving first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) through the national AIDS control programme of India. METHODS Using routinely collected programme data, we analysed mortality, CD4 evolution and adherence outcomes over a 2-year period in 972 patients who received first-line ART between 1(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension-related risk in urban areas may vary from national estimates; however, objective data on prevalence and treatment in local areas are scarce. We assessed hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control among New York City (NYC) adults. METHODS AND RESULTS The NYC Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (HANES), modeled on(More)
BACKGROUND Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection is associated with substantial morbidity and increased risk for human immunodeficiency virus acquisition. We describe HSV-2 seroprevalence in adult New Yorkers, and examine the relationship between select characteristics, infection, and diagnosis. METHODS HSV-2 seroprevalence and risk factors were(More)
A survey for transmitted HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) was conducted according to WHO guidelines among clients newly diagnosed with HIV-1 infection at two voluntary counseling and testing centers (VCTC) in Mumbai. HIVDR testing was performed using the ViroSeq RT-PCR method (Abbott). Out of 50 successfully amplified and sequenced specimens, analysis of the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study assessed the prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder among New York City adults. METHODS As part of the first community-specific Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the United States, depression and anxiety were assessed in a representative sample of 1,817(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the leading cause of chronic liver disease in the United States. Accurate hepatitis C prevalence estimates are important to guide local public health programs but are usually unavailable to local health jurisdictions. National surveys may not reflect local variation, a particular challenge for urban settings with(More)
Molecular and conventional epidemiologic techniques were used to study the mechanisms and risk factors for tuberculosis transmission in a rural area with high prevalence in south India. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis with IS6110 and direct repeat probes was performed with 378 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from patients. Forty-one(More)
We compared the sensitivity and specificity of the phenol ammonium sulfate (PhAS) sediment smear microscopy method for detection of acid-fast bacilli with those of direct smear microscopy, using culture results for Mycobacterium tuberculosis as the "gold standard." The sensitivities of the PhAS and direct smear methods were 85% (465 of 547) and 83% (454 of(More)