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Cladosporium bantianum meningitis has been reported mostly in adult farmers between 20 and 30 years of age. We report a 6-day-old male neonate who was admitted with fever, focal seizures and not accepting feeds. Initial investigations suggested a diagnosis of pyogenic meningitis but antibiotic therapy for 14 days did not result in any significant clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial colonisation of neonates and the birth canal by group B streptococci (GBS) plays a significant role in the development of neonatal infections. OBJECTIVES To determine the rate of GBS colonisation in neonates in the first 48 hours of life and to identify the risk factors associated with GBS colonisation. METHODS To estimate GBS(More)
Mycobacterium smegmetis is a rapidly growing mycobacteria which is usually regarded as an environmental saorophyte. Recently it has been isolated from human beings mainly from skin and soft tissue lesions. Pulmonary lesions are extremely rare. A case of pulmonary consolidation caused by M. smegmetis in an infant is reported. The outcome was fatal. The(More)
This pilot case-control study at a tertiary-care hospital over a four-month period was aimed at evaluating the possible usefulness of screening of TORCH (Toxoplasma gondii, rubella virus, cytomegalovirus, and Herpes simplex virus) in females with bad obstetric history. The study included 12 women with bad obstetric history and a similar number of matched(More)
Shigellosis is a global human health problem, especially in developing countries where there are inadequate hygiene and unsafe water supplies (1,2). Shigella accounts for a significant proportion of cases of bacillary dysentery in many tropical and subtropical countries (3,4). Shigella is one of the most important causes of gastroenteritis-induced deaths in(More)
Widespread childhood immunization with DPT (diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus) has largely eradicated diphtheria and tetanus from many countries. The reduction in the circulation of toxigenic strains has resulted in less natural boosting of adult immunity. As a result, the adult population in countries with high childhood immunization coverage have become(More)
BACKGROUND Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) producing Gram negative organisms are emerging as a worldwide public health concern. AIM To elucidate risk factors for infection with ESBL and MBL (also NDM-1) producing E. coli and Klebsiella spp. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective observational study was conducted from(More)
Primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAME) is a rare condition, usually caused by free living motile amebae. These are universally fatal infections with very few survivors reported till now. The authors report a 25-d-old boy, the youngest survivor of Naegleria meningitis. The child was admitted with a diagnosis of partially treated meningitis. Cerebro-spinal(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the immune response to hepatitis B vaccination in HIV infected children using 4 double dose schedule administered at 0-1-2-6 mo. METHODS In a prospective observational study, 40 HIV infected children were vaccinated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine (20 mcg, 1 ml IM at anterolateral aspect of thigh of recombinant DNA vaccine) at(More)