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Theta-defensins are lectin-like, cyclic octadecapeptides found in the leukocytes of nonhuman primates. They are also homologues of the more familiar alpha-defensins expressed by humans and certain other mammals. This study compares the ability of six theta-defensins (hominid retrocyclins 1-3 and rhesus theta-defensins 1-3) and four human alpha-defensins(More)
BACKGROUND 18,500 laboratory-confirmed deaths caused by the 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 were reported worldwide for the period April, 2009, to August, 2010. This number is likely to be only a fraction of the true number of the deaths associated with 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1. We aimed to estimate the global number of deaths during the first 12(More)
OBJECTIVE To study coreceptor usage of sequential primary HIV-1 isolates in a longitudinal follow-up cohort of HIV-1-infected men to understand its contribution to pathogenesis of HIV disease. DESIGN Viral coreceptor usage of sequential primary isolates from HIV-1-infected individuals was examined at various timepoints and data was compared with CD4 cell(More)
The cloning vector pRL60 was developed previously as a tool for genetic manipulations in Amycolatopsis mediterranei, which produces the commercially and medicinally important antibiotic rifamycin. Here, a method based on intraplasmid recombinations is described for the construction of smaller plasmids in A. mediterranei, which also helped in delimiting the(More)
A versatile plasmid cloning vector pRL60 carrying kanamycin/neomycin resistance (km/neo), erythromycin resistance (ermE) and alpha-amylase (alpha-amy) marker genes that replicates in various Amycolatopsis mediterranei strains and Escherichia coli has been constructed. This cloning vector has been derived from a hybrid plasmid pRL50, which was developed by(More)
Rhesus macaques express three theta-defensins (RTDs 1-3), cyclic octadecapeptides with antiviral and lectin-like properties. Corresponding theta-defensin genes exist and are expressed in humans, but a signal sequence mutation prevents the formation of mature theta-defensin peptides. Retrocyclin-1 is a theta-defensin peptide whose precursor is encoded by(More)
AIMS To locate a high-dose point hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)-contaminated site, to identify HCH-degrading bacteria in it and assay HCH-decontamination by biostimulation. METHODS AND RESULTS Bacteria were isolated by serial dilution method from HCH-contaminated soil samples collected from areas near an HCH-manufacturing unit and its dumpsite in North(More)
A new plasmid, pA387, has been isolated from "Amycolatopsis sp." (DSM 43387). This plasmid could be isolated from liquid culture as well as mycelium from agar plates by a modified procedure. Plasmid pA387 is about 29.6 kb and can be cured at low frequency by protoplasting and ethidium bromide and heat treatment. Hybridization experiments showed that this(More)
SUMMARY Risk factors for male-to-female sexual transmission of human T-lymphotropic virus types I and II (HTLV-I/II) were investigated among HTLV-seropositive volunteer blood donors and their long-term (> or = 6 month) sex partners. Direction of transmission in concordantly seropositive pairs was assessed by analyzing risk factors for HTLV infection. Donors(More)
AIMS Effect of ethidium bromide, a DNA intercalating agent, on laccase production from Cyathus bulleri was studied. METHODS AND RESULTS The bird's nest fungus, Cyathus bulleri was grown on 2% (w/v) malt extract agar (MEA) supplemented with 1.5 microg ml(-1) of the phenanthridine dye ethidium bromide (EtBr) for 7 d and when grown subsequently in malt(More)