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Stroke incidence rates have decreased in developed countries over the past 40 years, but trends vary across populations. We investigated whether age-and-sex-specific stroke incidence rates and associated risk factors as well as preventive medication use have changed in Rotterdam in the Netherlands during the last two decades. The study was part of the(More)
AIMS Since atherosclerosis is a systemic process, risk prediction would benefit from targeting multiple components of cardiovascular disease simultaneously. To this end, it is useful to examine the predictive value of non-invasive measures of atherosclerosis in various vascular beds for both coronary heart disease (CHD) and cerebrovascular disease. (More)
Intracerebral hemorrhage is the second most common subtype of stroke. In recent decades our understanding of intracerebral hemorrhage has improved. New risk factors have been identified; more knowledge has been obtained on previously known risk factors; and new imaging techniques allow for in vivo assessment of preclinical markers of intracerebral(More)
BACKGROUND Despite several known risk factors it is still difficult to foresee who will develop a stroke and who will not. Vascular brain damage, visualised with MRI, reflects how the brain tolerates the effects of vascular risk factors and may therefore be relevant in predicting individual stroke risk. OBJECTIVE To examine whether the presence of small(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Many studies have investigated the role of plasma von Willebrand factor level in coronary heart disease, but few have investigated its role in stroke. The aim of this study was to determine if von Willebrand factor levels are associated with the risk of stroke. METHODS The study was part of the Rotterdam Study, a large(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Beyond the Framingham Stroke Risk Score, prediction of future stroke may improve with a genetic risk score (GRS) based on single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with stroke and its risk factors. METHODS The study includes 4 population-based cohorts with 2047 first incident strokes from 22,720 initially stroke-free European(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Narrower retinal arteriolar calibers and wider venular calibers are associated with cardiovascular disease, including cerebral infarction. We investigated the association between retinal vascular calibers and the long-term risk for stroke and its subtypes with particular focus on intracerebral hemorrhage. METHODS We included 5518(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Depression after stroke is common. Like stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a manifestation of long-term atherosclerotic damage to the brain. However, the risk of depression developing after a TIA is uncertain. We studied whether TIA increases the risk of incident late-life depression. METHODS A cohort study of 5095(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and stroke are both frequent diseases in the elderly. A link between AMD and stroke has been suggested, because both disorders have many risk factors in common. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between AMD and stroke and the subtypes cerebral infarction and intracerebral(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop and validate 10-year cumulative incidence functions of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and ischemic stroke (IS). METHODS We used data on 27,493 participants from 3 population-based cohort studies: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, median age 54 years, 45% male, median follow-up 20.7 years; the Rotterdam Study, median age(More)