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Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue archives are the largest and longest time-spanning collections of patient material in pathology archives. Methods to disclose information with molecular techniques, such as array comparative genomic hybridisation (aCGH) have rapidly developed but are still not optimal. Array comparative genomic hybridisation(More)
Phosphorylation of oestrogen receptor alpha at serine 305 (ERalphaS305-P) induces tamoxifen resistance in experimental studies, but does not influence response to other endocrine agents, such as fulvestrant. We evaluated ERalphaS305-P using immunohistochemistry in 377 breast carcinomas from premenopausal participants of a randomized trial (n=248) and(More)
BACKGROUND Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the leading causes of cancer death in Indonesia. At initial diagnosis, 80% of the patients present with advanced stage disease. In Indonesia, primary medical care is generally provided by the health care centres; named Puskesmas. The lack of knowledge of various aspects of NPC of the General practitioners(More)
Phosphorylation of estrogen receptor α at serine 305 (ERαS305-P) by protein kinase A (PKA) or p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) has experimentally been associated with tamoxifen sensitivity. Here, we investigated the clinical application of this knowledge to predict tamoxifen resistance in ER-positive breast cancer patients. Using immunohistochemistry, a score(More)
OBJECTIVE Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is rare in western countries albeit affected by common and unrelated phenomena: smoking less in men, more in women and immigration from China and North Africa. We studied trends in NPC incidence, tumour morphology, survival and mortality in order to assess progress against this cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS A trend(More)
BACKGROUND Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is endemic in Indonesia and 20% of the patients are diagnosed before the age of 31. This study evaluates presentation and treatment outcome of young patients in Jakarta, in a tertiary referral centre. METHODS Forty-nine patients under the age of 31, diagnosed with NPC between July 2004 and January 2007, were(More)
Tumourigenic subpopulations with stem cell-like features have been identified in breast tumours and breast cancer cell lines. The hormone receptor status, molecular characteristics and clinical significance of these cells are still matters of debate. Enrichment for tumourigenic cells without the requirement of surface markers can be achieved by the in vitro(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer patients with node positive disease can have an excellent outcome with tamoxifen only. It is unclear whether analysing both the 70-gene signature and hormone receptors provides superior prediction of outcome in tamoxifen-treated patients than either alone. METHODS Three series were evaluated: 121 patients (81% node positive)(More)
INTRODUCTION Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC) is a major health problem in southern and eastern Asia. In Indonesia NPC is the most frequent cancer in the head and neck area. NPC is very sensitive to radiotherapy resulting in 3-year disease-free and overall survival of approximately 70% and 80%, respectively. Here we present routine treatment results in a(More)
INTRODUCTION Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has a high incidence in Indonesia. Previous study in Yogyakarta revealed a complete response of 29% and a median overall survival of less than 2 years. These poor treatment outcome are influenced by the long diagnose-to-treatment interval to radiotherapy (DTI) and the extended overall treatment time of(More)