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Alteration of brain activity synchrony has been shown in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) using seed-based functional connectivity analysis. However, regional activity synchrony has not been characterized in ALS. The purpose of this study was to assess regional brain synchrony by calculating regional data coherence of resting state functional MRI(More)
Some literatures have reported neural precursor cells (NPCs) exist in spinal cord of adult mammal, however, the NPCs distribution feature in spinal cord of adult mice so far is not described in detail. In order to observe and compare the distribution feature of NPCs in various spinal cord regions of adult mice, to research a potential source of neural stem(More)
Adult neural progenitor cells (NPCs) are an attractive source for functional replacement in neurodegenerative diseases and traumatic injury to the central nervous system (CNS). It has been shown that transplantation of neural stem cells or NPCs into the lesioned region partially restores CNS function. However, the capacity of endogenous NPCs in replacement(More)
Sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (sALS) is a severe neurodegenerative disease that causes progressive motor neuron death. Although the etiology of sALS remains unknown, genetic variants are thought to predispose individuals to the disease. Several recent genome-wide association studies have identified a number of loci that increase sALS(More)
Resting-state functional MRI provides a viable tool for assessing brain dysfunctions in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) without using explicit tasks. Altered resting brain functional connectivity (FC) in ALS has been reported in several studies but with large discrepancies in terms of the alteration directions. The purpose of this study was to provide(More)
The reason for regeneration in the adult spinal cord during motor neuron degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) remains largely unknown. To this end, we studied the alteration of vimentin (a neural precursor cells marker in CNS)-containing cells (VCCs) in spinal cord during different stages of ALS used C57BL/6J G93A SOD1 transgenic mice(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis between cerebral vascular disease (CVD) and the endothelial dysfunction (ETD) remains elusive in diabetes. Therefore, we investigated the expression of partial vasoactivators which be closely relative to ETD in CVD susceptible brain regions in the diabetic rat. The aim was to search some possible pathogenesis. METHODS Diabetes(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by a progressive, selective loss of motor neurons (MN) in brain and spinal cord. The mechanisms of selective and age-dependent MN degeneration in ALS have not been defined. Recent studies suggest that the elevation of intracellular oxidative toxicity contributes(More)
Domoic acid (DA) is an excitatory amino acids (EAAs) analog which induced excitotoxicity lesion to central nervous system, but whether induced adult animal spinal cord is not known, furthermore, previous studies have shown that EAAs play an important role in spinal cord lesion, however, the molecular pathways in spinal cord lesion are not fully known.(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) is not completely clear and therapies are limited now. Therefore, our study aimed to investigate the possible pathogenesis and preventive approach of CIRI through analyzing changes of aspartate (Asp), glutamate (Glu), mitochondrial calcium (MCa), calmodulin (CaM), and malondialdehyde(More)