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Recent work has identified a new subset of CD4(+) T cells named as Tfh cells that are localized in germinal centers and critical in germinal center formation. Tfh cell differentiation is regulated by IL-6 and IL-21, possibly via STAT3 factor, and B cell lymphoma 6 (Bcl6) is specifically expressed in Tfh cells and required for their lineage specification. In(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) play pivotal roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. Although many studies indicate that the stimulation of GPCRs leads to NF-kappaB activation, the molecular mechanism by which GPCRs induced NF-kappaB activation remains largely unknown. Bcl10 is an essential adaptor molecule connecting antigen(More)
The kinase TAK1 is essential for T-cell receptor (TCR)-mediated nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation and T-cell development. However, the role of TAK1 in B-cell receptor (BCR)-mediated NF-kappaB activation and B-cell development is not clear. Here we show that B-cell-specific deletion of TAK1 impaired the transition from transitional type 2 to(More)
Bcl10 is an intracellular protein essential for nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation after lymphocyte antigen receptor stimulation. Using knockout mice, we show that absence of Bcl10 impeded conversion from transitional type 2 to mature follicular B cells and caused substantial decreases in marginal zone and B1 B cells. Bcl10-deficient B cells showed no(More)
Phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLCgamma1) is an important signaling effector of T cell receptor (TCR). To investigate the role of PLCgamma1 in T cell biology, we generated and examined mice with T cell-specific deletion of PLCgamma1. We demonstrate that PLCgamma1 deficiency affects positive and negative selection, significantly reduces single-positive thymocytes(More)
The transcription factor Foxp3 is essential for the development of functional, natural Treg (nTreg), which plays a prominent role in self-tolerance. Suppressive Foxp3(+) Treg cells can be generated from naïve T cells ex vivo, following TCR and TGF-beta1 stimulations. However, the molecular contributions from the different arms of these pathways leading to(More)
NK cells play a central role in mediating innate immune responses. Activation of NK cells results in cytotoxicity, cytokine, and chemokine secretions. In this study, we show that in mice with targeted deletion of phospholipase Cgamma (PLCgamma)2, one of the key signal transducers, there are profound effects on the development and terminal maturation of NK(More)
Bcl10 (B-cell lymphoma 10) is an adaptor protein comprised of an N-terminal caspase recruitment domain and a C-terminal serine/threonine-rich domain. Bcl10 plays a critical role in antigen receptor-mediated NF-kappaB activation and lymphocyte development and functions. Our current study has discovered that T-cell activation induced monophosphorylation and(More)
During thymic T cell development, CD4+CD8+ double-positive (DP) thymocytes that express functional TCR are subjected to positive or negative selection and mature into CD4 or CD8 single-positive (SP) thymocytes (Starr et al., 2003). Thymic selection also leads to the development of FoxP3+ T regulatory (T reg) cells, which play a critical role in maintaining(More)
Humans and mice lacking functional caspase-8 in T cells manifest a profound immunodeficiency syndrome due to defective T cell antigen receptor (TCR)-induced NF-kappaB signaling and proliferation. It is unknown how caspase-8 is activated following T cell stimulation, and what is the caspase-8 substrate(s) that is necessary to initiate T cell cycling. We(More)