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Bcl10 is an intracellular protein essential for nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation after lymphocyte antigen receptor stimulation. Using knockout mice, we show that absence of Bcl10 impeded conversion from transitional type 2 to mature follicular B cells and caused substantial decreases in marginal zone and B1 B cells. Bcl10-deficient B cells showed no(More)
Recent work has identified a new subset of CD4(+) T cells named as Tfh cells that are localized in germinal centers and critical in germinal center formation. Tfh cell differentiation is regulated by IL-6 and IL-21, possibly via STAT3 factor, and B cell lymphoma 6 (Bcl6) is specifically expressed in Tfh cells and required for their lineage specification. In(More)
Bcl10 (B-cell lymphoma 10) is an adaptor protein comprised of an N-terminal caspase recruitment domain and a C-terminal serine/threonine-rich domain. Bcl10 plays a critical role in antigen receptor-mediated NF-kappaB activation and lymphocyte development and functions. Our current study has discovered that T-cell activation induced monophosphorylation and(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) play pivotal roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. Although many studies indicate that the stimulation of GPCRs leads to NF-kappaB activation, the molecular mechanism by which GPCRs induced NF-kappaB activation remains largely unknown. Bcl10 is an essential adaptor molecule connecting antigen(More)
The membrane-associated adaptor protein LAX is a linker for activation of T cells (LAT)-like molecule that is expressed in lymphoid tissues. Upon stimulation of T or B cells, it is phosphorylated and interacts with Grb2 and the p85 subunit of PI3K. LAX, however, is not capable of replacing LAT in the TCR signaling pathway. In this study we report that upon(More)
Phospholipase Cgamma2 (PLCgamma2) is critical for pre-B-cell receptor (pre-BCR) and BCR signaling. Current studies discovered that PLCgamma2-deficient mice had reduced immunoglobulin lambda (Iglambda) light-chain usage throughout B-cell maturation stages, including transitional type 1 (T1), transitional type 2 (T2), and mature follicular B cells. The(More)
The two closely related Stat5 (Stat5A and Stat5B) proteins are activated by a broad spectrum of cytokines. However, with the complication of the involvement of Stat5A/5B in stem cell function, the role of Stat5A/5B in the development and function of lymphocytes, especially B cells, is not fully understood. In this study, we demonstrated that Stat5A/5B(-/-)(More)
Phospholipase Cgamma2 (PLCgamma2) plays a critical role in the functions of the B cell receptor in B cells and of the FcRgamma chain-containing collagen receptor in platelets. Here we report that PLCgamma2 is also expressed in mast cells and monocytes/macrophages and is activated by cross-linking of Fc(epsilon)R and Fc(gamma)R. Although PLCgamma2-deficient(More)
Phospholipase Cgamma2 (PLCgamma2) is an important signaling effector of multiple receptors in the immune system. Here we show that PLCgamma2-deficient mice displayed impaired lymph node organogenesis but normal splenic structure and Peyer's patches. Receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) is a tumor necrosis factor family cytokine and is essential(More)
Humans and mice lacking functional caspase-8 in T cells manifest a profound immunodeficiency syndrome due to defective T cell antigen receptor (TCR)-induced NF-kappaB signaling and proliferation. It is unknown how caspase-8 is activated following T cell stimulation, and what is the caspase-8 substrate(s) that is necessary to initiate T cell cycling. We(More)