Renita A. Almeida

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The Embedded Figure Test (EFT) requires locating a simple shape embedded within a background of overlapping target-irrelevant scene elements. Observers with autism, or those with high levels of autistic-like traits, typically outperform matched comparison groups on the EFT. This research investigated the critical visual properties which give rise to this(More)
The Embedded Figures Test (EFT) requires detecting a shape within a complex background and individuals with autism or high Autism-spectrum Quotient (AQ) scores are faster and more accurate on this task than controls. This research aimed to uncover the visual processes producing this difference. Previously we developed a search task using radial frequency(More)
Relative to low scorers, high scorers on the autism-spectrum quotient (AQ) show enhanced performance on the embedded figures test and the radial frequency search task (RFST), which has been attributed to both enhanced local processing and differences in combining global percepts. We investigate the role of local and global processing further using the RFST(More)
Adaptation in the visual system frequently results in properties of subsequently presented stimuli being repelled along identifiable axes. Adaptation to radial frequency (RF) patterns, patterns deformed from circular by a sinusoidal modulation of radius, results in a circle taking on the appearance of having modulation in opposite phase. Here we used paths(More)
Adaptation to prevailing stimuli is a ubiquitous property of the visual system that optimizes its dynamic range. The perceived difference in orientation of successively presented lines of similar orientation is exaggerated and the perceived shape of an object is influenced by previously experienced shapes. Change in perceived shape is assumed to arise(More)
Visual adaptation results in aftereffects that exaggerate the difference between successively experienced stimuli. In the tilt aftereffect (TAE), for example, the perceived orientation of a test line is repelled from the orientation of an adapting line. This principle also applies to more complex stimuli. Adaptation to faces can displace the next face(More)
Global processing of form information has been studied extensively using both Glass and radial frequency (RF) patterns. Models, with common early stages, have been proposed for the detection of properties of both pattern types but human performance has not been examined to determine whether the two pattern types interact in the manner this would suggest.(More)
Individuals with autistic traits (measured with Autism-spectrum Quotient, AQ) often excel in detecting shapes hidden within complex structures (e.g. on the Embedded Figures Test, EFT). This facility has been attributed to either weaker global integration of scene elements or enhanced local processing, but 'local' and 'global' have various meanings in the(More)
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