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BACKGROUND Fish consumption is common among the cultures of Hawaii, and given public health attention to mercury exposure in pregnancy, it is important to better understand patterns of fish consumption and mercury in pregnancy. This study examined the influence of maternal fish consumption during pregnancy on umbilical cord mercury (Hg) concentrations in a(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D deficiency is commonly reported in high-latitude areas and in dark-pigmented individuals. However, nothing is known about vitamin D in cord blood from multiethnic subjects living in the tropics. OBJECTIVE Our study objective was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in summer and winter in cord blood from multiethnic(More)
OBJECTIVES There is a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes among Micronesians leading to the assumption that they are at an increased risk for gestational diabetes. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of gestational diabetes among the Micronesian population in Honolulu, Hawai'i. Secondary objectives were to determine factors associated(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to explore intrauterine device (IUD) awareness and knowledge in a diverse, multiethnic population. METHODS We conducted a self-administered, anonymous survey addressing awareness of the IUD as a contraceptive method and knowledge about aspects of IUD use in a group of women aged 14 to 19 years. Demographic and(More)
Despite the availability of HPV prophylactic vaccines, uptake has been suboptimal in the US. In the state of Hawaii, HPV vaccine coverage has decreased among females and remains low among males aged 13–17. The reasons for low uptake are unknown and may indicate the existence of critical barriers to HPV vaccination. The purpose of this investigation was to(More)
While surgical abortion is a safe procedure, the most common complication is excessive bleeding. Methods to conservatively manage hemorrhage are gaining popularity. The authors present a case of a Cesarean scar rupture that occurred after an intrauterine balloon tamponade was placed to treat postabortion bleeding.
Seafood is an important source of nutrients for fetal neurodevelopment. Most individuals are exposed to the toxic element mercury through seafood. Due to the neurotoxic effects of mercury, United States government agencies recommend no more than 340g (12oz) per week of seafood consumption during pregnancy. However, recent studies have shown that selenium,(More)
A major goal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is reducing healthcare spending by shifting the focus of healthcare toward preventive care. Preventive services, including all FDA-approved contraception, must be provided to patients without cost-sharing under the ACA. No-cost contraception has been shown to increase uptake of highly effective(More)
The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has the potential to decrease the incidence of several cancers that affect women and men. Despite recommendations by the medical and public health community, and the incorporation of the vaccine into the adolescent immunization schedule, uptake of the vaccine remains well below target goals. To understand potential(More)
Although the HPV vaccine has been shown to be highly effective in preventing cervical dysplasia, vaccination rates remain low. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an electronic medical record (EMR) prompt on HPV vaccination rates in the postpartum setting. We conducted a pre-post intervention study among postpartum women ages(More)