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Transforming growth factor-beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) plays an essential role in the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)- and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)-induced IkappaB kinase (IKK)/nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/activator protein 1 (AP-1) activation. Here we report that TNFalpha and IL-1beta induce(More)
The nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) transcription factor-mediated transcription is the endpoint of a series of signal transduction events that are initiated by a vast array of stimuli. Both the proteolytic and non-proteolytic functions of ubiquitination are critically important for the regulation of NF-κB activation. Lys63-linked polyubiquitination of TAK1(More)
So far, case-control studies on the association between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphisms and lung cancer provide controversial or inconclusive results. To clarify the effect of MTHFR polymorphisms on the risk of lung cancer, a meta-analysis of all case-control observational studies was performed. The studies provided(More)
Thirteen cases of intramedullary hemangioblastoma of the spinal cord were studied radiologically, especially with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Microsurgery was used to remove the tumors in all cases. Signs and symptoms were improved in 84.6% of the cases after operation. The diagnosis and microsurgical techniques for excision of intramedullary(More)
Lys63-linked TAK1 polyubiquitination plays an essential role in the regulation of TAK1 activation. TRAF6-mediated Lys63-linked polyubiquitylation of TAK1 has been shown to be required for TGF-β-induced TAK1 activation. However, it remains unclear which lysine residue on TAK1 is TRAF6-mediated TAK1 polyubiquitination acceptor site in TGF-β signaling pathway.(More)
Although links between cancer and inflammation were firstly proposed in the nineteenth century, the molecular mechanism has not yet been clearly understood. Epidemiological studies have identified chronic infections and inflammation as major risk factors for various types of cancer. NF-κB transcription factors and the signaling pathways are central(More)
IkappaBalpha serves as a central anchoring molecule in the sequestration of NF-kappaB transcription factor in the cytoplasm. Ubiquitination-mediated IkappaBalpha degradation immediately precedes and is required for NF-kappaB nuclear translocation and activation. However, the precise mechanism for the deubiquitination of IkappaBalpha is still not fully(More)
Double minute chromosomes (DMs) are the cytogenetic hallmark of extra-chromosomal genomic amplification. The frequency of DMs in primary cancer and the cytogenetic features of DMs-positive primary cancer cases are largely unknown. To unravel these issues, we retrieved the Mitelman database and analyzed all DMs-positive primary cancerous karyotypes (787(More)
It has been shown that the polymorphisms of Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene are associated with susceptibility to several disorders including hyperhomocysteinemia, vascular disease, birth defect, and certain cancers, and exhibit great diversities among various populations. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of two(More)
Lys63-linked polyubiquitination of RIG-I is essential in antiviral immune defense, yet the molecular mechanism that negatively regulates this critical step is poorly understood. Here, we report that USP21 acts as a novel negative regulator in antiviral responses through its ability to bind to and deubiquitinate RIG-I. Overexpression of USP21 inhibited RNA(More)