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To determine the influences of maternal diet and nutrition during pregnancy on the blood lead level of neonates, we conducted a study of mother-infant pairs from lower socioeconomic circumstances living in Albany County, New York. Maternal blood lead (MBPb), anthropometry, and diet were assessed in each trimester. Neonates' blood lead (NBPb) levels were low(More)
Lead is a long-recognized human toxicant that crosses the placenta. Fetal sensitivity to environmental agents can vary with stage of development; therefore, how maternal blood lead levels change during pregnancy and how fetal exposure is influenced provide useful knowledge. In this study, the authors describe longitudinal changes in blood lead levels during(More)
OBJECTIVES We studied trends of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy by residential socioeconomic status (SES) and racial/ethnic subgroups in New York State over a 10-year period. METHODS We merged New York State discharge data for 2.5 million women hospitalized with delivery from 1993 through 2002 with 2000 US Census data. RESULTS Rates of diagnoses for(More)
This study evaluates the safety, tolerance, and pharmacokinetics of stavudine (d4T) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected zidovudine (ZDV)-intolerant/refusing pregnant women and of single-dose d4T in their infants. Women received d4T and lamivudine (3TC) from enrollment until labor. During labor, women received oral 3TC and either intravenous or(More)
Pregnancy is a unique time in a woman's life and is characterized by complex physiological changes. These changes can adversely affect oral health. Pregnancy is also an opportune time to educate women about preventing dental caries in young children, a common childhood problem. Although multiple studies have shown an association between periodontal(More)
PROBLEM To determine the effect of labor on lymphocyte subsets in full-term neonates. METHOD OF STUDY Cord blood obtained at delivery from full-term neonates, six born vaginally and six born by elective Cesarean section, was analyzed for lymphocyte subsets. Monoclonal antibodies, immunofluorescence, and flow cytometry were utilized to determine the(More)
Second printing. Permission is given to photocopy this publication or to forward it, in its entirety, to others. Requests for permission to use all or part of the information contained in this publication in other ways should be sent to the address below. P regnancy is a unique period during a woman's life and is characterized by complex physiological(More)
Current research shows that women tend to receive less dental care than usual when they are pregnant. In 2012, the first national consensus statement on oral health care during pregnancy was issued, emphasizing both the importance and safety of routine dental care for pregnant women. This article reviews the current recommendations for perinatal oral health(More)
The optimal anticoagulation therapy for pregnant patients with a mechanical valve prosthesis is uncertain, but teratogenic effects and the high incidence of fetal loss associated with dicumarol derivatives limit the use of these agents as anticoagulants in this setting. A patient with a mechanical valve prosthesis, in the first trimester of pregnancy,(More)
SKG or BALB/c T cells (3.0 £ 10 4) were stimulated for 72 h with plate-bound anti-CD3 mAb (2C11) in the presence or absence of plate-bound anti-CD28 mAb in RPMI-1640 medium supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum and 50 mM 2-mercaptoethanol. Cells were also stimulated with TPA (1.4 ng ml 21) and ionomycin (0.14 mM). KJ1.26 þ T cells from DO or DO.SKG mice(More)