Renee Samelson

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To determine the influences of maternal diet and nutrition during pregnancy on the blood lead level of neonates, we conducted a study of mother-infant pairs from lower socioeconomic circumstances living in Albany County, New York. Maternal blood lead (MBPb), anthropometry, and diet were assessed in each trimester. Neonates' blood lead (NBPb) levels were low(More)
OBJECTIVES We studied trends of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy by residential socioeconomic status (SES) and racial/ethnic subgroups in New York State over a 10-year period. METHODS We merged New York State discharge data for 2.5 million women hospitalized with delivery from 1993 through 2002 with 2000 US Census data. RESULTS Rates of diagnoses for(More)
Lead is a long-recognized human toxicant that crosses the placenta. Fetal sensitivity to environmental agents can vary with stage of development; therefore, how maternal blood lead levels change during pregnancy and how fetal exposure is influenced provide useful knowledge. In this study, the authors describe longitudinal changes in blood lead levels during(More)
Pregnancy is a unique time in a woman's life and is characterized by complex physiological changes. These changes can adversely affect oral health. Pregnancy is also an opportune time to educate women about preventing dental caries in young children, a common childhood problem. Although multiple studies have shown an association between periodontal(More)
PROBLEM To determine the effect of labor on lymphocyte subsets in full-term neonates. METHOD OF STUDY Cord blood obtained at delivery from full-term neonates, six born vaginally and six born by elective Cesarean section, was analyzed for lymphocyte subsets. Monoclonal antibodies, immunofluorescence, and flow cytometry were utilized to determine the(More)
Current research shows that women tend to receive less dental care than usual when they are pregnant. In 2012, the first national consensus statement on oral health care during pregnancy was issued, emphasizing both the importance and safety of routine dental care for pregnant women. This article reviews the current recommendations for perinatal oral health(More)
Currently, more than 50% of American women gain an excessive amount of weight during pregnancy as per guidelines established by the Institute of Medicine and American Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecology. This excess gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with health complications in both mothers and children. This study sought to examine the(More)
This study evaluates the safety, tolerance, and pharmacokinetics of stavudine (d4T) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected zidovudine (ZDV)-intolerant/refusing pregnant women and of single-dose d4T in their infants. Women received d4T and lamivudine (3TC) from enrollment until labor. During labor, women received oral 3TC and either intravenous or(More)
The optimal anticoagulation therapy for pregnant patients with a mechanical valve prosthesis is uncertain, but teratogenic effects and the high incidence of fetal loss associated with dicumarol derivatives limit the use of these agents as anticoagulants in this setting. A patient with a mechanical valve prosthesis, in the first trimester of pregnancy,(More)
Background  Treatment for neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT) primarily involves maternal administration of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy and prednisone according to protocols based on risk stratification. While IVIG is generally well tolerated, hematologic side effects are a potential complication. Case  We present the successful(More)