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BACKGROUND The role of human papilloma virus (HPV) in the pathogenesis and biological behavior of tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) are areas of intense investigation. METHODS This study used PCR analysis to identify HPV in paraffin-embedded tonsillar and nodal tissue from 52 patients with TSCC and 48 age (+/-5 year)/gender-matched controls with(More)
The pattern of acquired mutations in the p53 gene can be used to study differences in factors contributing to carcinogenesis. We investigated mutations in exons 5-9 and adjacent intronic regions in 47 breast cancers of black women from Michigan, a population with the highest breast-cancer mortality in the US. The 16 mutations detected differed from those of(More)
PURPOSE A phase I, dose-finding study of vorinostat in combination with temozolomide (TMZ) was conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety, and pharmacokinetics in patients with high-grade glioma (HGG). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN This phase I, dose-finding, investigational study was conducted in two parts. Part 1 was a dose-escalation study(More)
The cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 enzyme appears to be an important target for cancer chemoprevention. Given the recent emergence of potentially serious cardiovascular toxicity associated with selective COX-2 inhibitors, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which inhibit both COX-1 and COX-2, have received renewed attention as candidate chemoprevention(More)
A new technique for characterizing somatic mutations in very small samples of cellularly heterogeneous human cancer tissue was developed and tested using mutations in the p53 gene in breast carcinomas as a model system. The technique combines touch preparation of specimens to obtain homogeneous clusters of carcinoma cells free of normal cells with a nested(More)
OBJECTIVES Microarray expression analysis of cervical tumors has revealed differential expression of genes that may be useful as markers or targets for treatment. We question the application of array findings across the major categories of cervical cancer. We sought to identify differences between normal squamous epithelium (NSQ) and glandular epithelium(More)
We determined the pattern of mutations in exons 2-11 and adjacent intronic regions in breast cancers from Midwestern US white women. Twenty-one mutations were detected in 53 tumors (39.6%). Comparisons of the pattern of mutations within exons 5-9 showed that the frequency of missense mutations (44%) was lower in breast cancers of US Midwestern women than in(More)
Pemetrexed, a multi-targeted antifolate that disrupts synthesis of both purines and pyrimidines, is approved for use in malignant pleural mesothelioma and non-small cell lung cancer. Pemetrexed is currently being evaluated for anti-tumor activity in a variety of solid and central nervous system tumors. We studied the plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)(More)
PURPOSE This phase I study was conducted to identify the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) of alvocidib when combined with vorinostat in patients with relapsed, refractory, or poor prognosis acute leukemia, or refractory anemia with excess blasts-2. Secondary objectives included investigating the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects of the combination. (More)
Alterations of the p53 tumor suppressor gene are the most frequent genetic abnormalities in human malignancies, but the role of p53 in the etiology of malignant melanomas is unclear. Fifty unselected malignant melanomas were analyzed for p53 overexpression by immunohistochemistry using 3 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs). Fifteen tumors (29.4%) showed positive(More)