Learn More
PURPOSE To describe the roles of nurse practitioners (NPs) in a novel model of healthcare delivery for patients with chronic disease: shared medical appointments (SMAs)/group visits based on the chronic care model (CCM). To map the specific skills of NPs to the six elements of the CCM: self-management, decision support, delivery system design, clinical(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to examine in detail the impact of knowledge of a donor-eligible patient's preferences on organ donation decisions. METHODS Nine trauma hospitals located in southwest Pennsylvania and northeast Ohio were selected. Data came from chart review of all dead patients and interviews with family members involved in the(More)
CONTEXT Black families donate at a lower rate than white families. To help develop effective interventions, we compared black and white families' experiences. OBJECTIVE To compare the organ donation request experiences of black and white patients' families with the hope of identifying factors to better inform consent-rate interventions among blacks. (More)
OBJECTIVE This research explored the long-term benefits of engaging in proactive health promotion efforts among old-old residents of Sunbelt retirement communities to empirically test components of the Preventive and Corrective Proactivity (PCP) Model of Successful Aging. Specifically, we examined the contributions of exercise, tobacco use, moderate alcohol(More)
Although the notion of decoupling is simple and potentially controllable by organ donation requestors, evidence to date of its potential has been inconsistent. The impact of the timing of requests was analyzed using data from a study of organ donor-eligible patients and their families (N = 420), involving 9 trauma hospitals located in southwest Pennsylvania(More)
BACKGROUND Incorporating shared medical appointments (SMAs) or group visits into clinical practice to improve care and increase efficiency has become a popular intervention, but the processes to implement and sustain them have not been well described. The purpose of this study was to describe the process of implementation of SMAs in the local context of a(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated an association between coping strategies and better quality of life after breast cancer. Because younger women consistently show greater psychological morbidity than older women after breast cancer diagnosis, there is great interest in the coping strategies of younger women. The present cross-sectional study used(More)
BACKGROUND In 2002, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) introduced a new requirement: residents must demonstrate competency in Practice-Based Learning and Improvement (PBLI). Training in this domain is still not consistently integrated into programmes, with few, if any, adequately going beyond knowledge of basic content and(More)
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing among older adults as is their diabetes-related mortality rate. Studies suggest that tighter glucose control reduces complications in elderly patients. However, too low a glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) value is associated with increased hypoglycemia. Moreover, the appropriateness of most clinical trial data(More)
BACKGROUND We developed a practice-based learning and improvement (PBLI) curriculum to address important gaps in components of content and experiential learning activities through didactics and participation in systems-level quality improvement projects that focus on making changes in health care processes. METHODS We evaluated the impact of our(More)