Renee Georges

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Right-heart overload happens relatively rarely in sarcoidosis, even with fibroemphysematous changes. Of 21 cases that we studied, six (28%) had clinical and/or electrocardiographic features of cor pulmonale. The cause of cor pulmonale often evoked is an invasion of the walls of pulmonary vessels by sarcoid granulomas or their compression by the fibrotic(More)
The lung transfer components of 70 normal, adult nonsmokers 18 to 78 years of age were measured by the single-breath diffusing capacity of the lung for CO. The membrane conductance and the pulmonary capillary blood volume were estimated by several measurements of the diffusing capacity at increasing alveolar PO2. Diffusing capacity, membrane conductance,(More)
To examine the possibility that mast cells have a central role in the pathogenesis of hypersensitivity pneumonitis, 20 patients with this disease were studied with the aim of seeking evidence for mast cell degranulation. The number of mast cells recovered by bronchoalveolar lavage from patients with hypersensitivity pneumonitis was more than 1,000 times(More)
Patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis are less likely to smoke than persons of a similar age in the general population. This could be because smoking reduces the likelihood of developing sarcoidosis, or alternatively smoking could reduce the severity of the disease process so that smoking patients are underrepresented among patients with clinically overt(More)
Cigarette smoking produces marked alterations in the lung parenchyma and in the population of immune and inflammatory cells present in the lower respiratory tract. These cigarette-induced changes appear to influence the incidence of two different interstitial lung diseases, histiocytosis X and sarcoidosis. Smoking is a strong risk factor for the development(More)
Sarcoidosis is frequently attended by hypercalciuria and sometimes by hypercalcaemia. The type of hypercalciuria and its relationships with disease extension and activity have rarely been investigated. In order to clarify these issues we undertook an investigation by a calcium absorption test in 39 patients with untreated thoracic sarcoidosis, and tried to(More)
We have studied the effect of spontaneous breathing on the measurement of total respiratory impedance by the oscillation method, that is using forced random pressure input. Free breathing of the subject induces parasite signals on the pressure and flow measured at the mouth. These induced random signals are correlated through a loudspeaker box with side(More)
Two mechanisms have been proposed to explain hemodialysis (HD)-induced hypoxemia: reversible lung damage due to intrapulmonary leukostasis as a consequence of the contact of blood with the dialyzer membrane, or alveolar hypoventilation due to the loss of carbon dioxide through the dialyzer. To assess the role of these factors, seven chronically uremic(More)