Renee A. Schoon

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Although diverse signaling events are initiated by stimulation of multichain immune recognition receptors on lymphocytes, it remains unclear as to which specific signal transduction pathways are functionally linked to granule exocytosis and cellular cytotoxicity. In the case of natural killer (NK) cells, it has been presumed that the rapid activation of(More)
The Rac1 guanine nucleotide exchange factor, Vav, is activated in hematopoietic cells in response to a large variety of stimuli. The downstream signaling events derived from Vav have been primarily characterized as leading to transcription or transformation. However, we report here that Vav and Rac1 in natural killer (NK) cells regulate the development of(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are named based on their natural cytotoxic activity against a variety of target cells. However, the mechanisms by which sensitive targets activate killing have been difficult to study due to the lack of a prototypic NK cell triggering receptor. Pharmacologic evidence has implicated protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) in natural(More)
Previous pharmacologic and genetic studies have demonstrated a critical role for the low molecular weight GTP-binding protein RhoA in the regulation of cell-mediated killing by cytotoxic lymphocytes. However, a specific Rho family guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) that activates this critical regulator of cellular cytotoxicity has not been(More)
NK cells are a subpopulation of lymphocytes that kill virally infected cells and tumor cells without previous sensitization. Although exposure to distinct cytokines, including IL-2 and IL-12, can enhance these cytotoxic responses, the mechanism of this lymphokine-augmented killing remains unclear. Inasmuch as the cytotoxic event is a multistep process,(More)
Polarization of lipid rafts and granules to the site of target contact is required for the development of cell-mediated killing by cytotoxic lymphocytes. We have previously shown that these events require the activation of proximal protein tyrosine kinases. However, the downstream intracellular signaling molecules involved in the development of(More)
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