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Neuronal expression of familial Alzheimer's disease-mutant human amyloid precursor protein (hAPP) and hAPP-derived amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides causes synaptic dysfunction, inflammation and abnormal cerebrovascular tone in transgenic mice. Fatty acids may be involved in these processes, but their contribution to Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis is(More)
OBJECT Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is characterized by paroxysmal lancinating pain in the trigeminal nerve distribution. When TN is refractory to medical management, patients are referred for microvascular decompression (MVD), radiofrequency ablation, or radiosurgery. After the initial treatment, patients may have refractory or recurrent symptoms requiring(More)
OBJECTIVE Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) are rare, have a high risk of hemorrhage, often cannot be obliterated endovascularly, and frequently require microsurgical interruption of the draining vein. We differentiated these fistulae into six types and developed specific operative strategies on the basis of these types. METHODS During a(More)
OBJECT Cerebral autoregulation may be altered after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Recent evidence suggests that patients' autoregulatory status following severe TBI may influence cerebral perfusion pressure management. The authors evaluated the utility of incorporating a recently upgraded parenchymal thermal diffusion probe for the measurement of cerebral(More)
OBJECT Young age is considered an important factor in determining outcomes after microsurgical resection of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), but better results in children have not been adequately explained. A consecutive series of pediatric and adult patients was reviewed to determine whether differences in outcomes between these two groups were due to(More)
OBJECTIVE Stereotactic radiosurgery makes brain arteriovenous malformations (AVM) more manageable during their microsurgical resection. To better characterize these effects, we compared results of microsurgical resection of radiated (RS) and nonradiated (RS) AVMs to demonstrate that previous radiosurgery facilitates surgery and decreases operative(More)
OBJECT Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a painful disorder that frequently causes lancinating, electrical shock-like pain in the trigeminal distribution. Common surgical treatments include microvascular decompression (MVD), radiosurgery, and radiofrequency ablation, and complete pain relief is generally achieved with a single treatment in 70 to 85% of cases for(More)
Distal aneurysms of basilar perforating and circumferential arteries are exceedingly rare. The authors encountered one patient with a distal basilar perforating artery aneurysm and two with aneurysms arising from circumferential branches of the basilar artery (BA). The diagnostic features, microsurgical treatment, and outcomes in these three patients are(More)
Epithelioid angiosarcoma of bone is a rare, high-grade lesion that is highly vascular and can be associated with a bleeding diathesis. An association has been reported in angiosarcomas in other locations with coagulopathy from tumor-related disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and fibrinolysis. The authors report the case of a rare occurrence of a(More)
Intracranial dermoid cysts are rare congenital lesions that result from abnormal sequestration of ectodermal cells during neural tube formation. Dermoid cysts are typically hypodense on computed tomography, but when hyperdense may mimic a hemorrhage. The authors report the case of a 16-year-old boy who presented with a history of chronic progressive(More)