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Addition of apolipoprotein (apo) E to rabbit beta-very low density lipoproteins (beta-VLDL) has been shown to result in a marked enhancement of their binding and uptake by various cell types. Apolipoprotein E binds to lipoprotein receptors and proteoglycans. To distinguish between apoE binding to these sites, cells were treated with heparinase. Heparinase(More)
We assessed the isoform-specific effects of apolipoprotein (apo) E on the response of Neuro-2a cells to the amyloid beta peptide (Abeta1-42). As determined by the intracellular staining pattern and the release of beta-hexosaminidase into the cytosol, apoE4-transfected cells treated with aggregated Abeta1-42 showed a greater tendency toward lysosomal leakage(More)
High density lipoprotein (HDL) particles and HDL cholesteryl esters are taken up by both receptor-mediated and non-receptor-mediated pathways. Here we show that cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) participate in hepatic lipase (HL)- and apolipoprotein (apo) E-mediated binding and uptake of mouse and human HDL by cultured hepatocytes. The HL(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) E4, a 299-aa protein and a major risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, can be cleaved to generate C-terminal-truncated fragments that cause neurotoxicity in vitro and neurodegeneration and behavioral deficits in transgenic mice. To investigate this neurotoxicity, we expressed apoE4 with C- or N-terminal truncations or mutations in(More)
We previously demonstrated that apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4) potentiates lysosomal leakage and apoptosis induced by amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide in cultured Neuro-2a cells and hypothesized that the low pH of lysosomes accentuates the conversion of apoE4 to a molten globule, inducing reactive intermediates capable of destabilizing cellular membranes. Here we(More)
We describe the environment used for the simulation and evaluation of a processor architecture based on very long instruction word (VLlw) principles. In this architecture, a program consists of a set of tree instructions, each one containing multiple branches and operations which can be performed simultaneously. The simulation/evaluation environment(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) E4 is the major genetic risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). ApoE4 assumes a pathological conformation through an intramolecular interaction mediated by Arg-61 in the amino-terminal domain and Glu-255 in the carboxyl-terminal domain, referred to as apoE4 domain interaction. Because AD is associated with mitochondrial(More)
Apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4), the major genetic risk factor for late onset Alzheimer disease, assumes a pathological conformation, intramolecular domain interaction. ApoE4 domain interaction mediates the detrimental effects of apoE4, including decreased mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 levels, reduced mitochondrial motility, and reduced neurite(More)
A set of 84 known N-aryl-monosubstituted derivatives (42 amides: series 1 and 2, and 42 imides: series 3 an 4, from maleic and succinic anhydrides, respectively) that display inhibitory activity toward both acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase (ChEs) was considered for Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) studies. These QSAR studies(More)