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We describe the environment used for the simulation and evaluation of a processor architecture based on very long instruction word (VLlw) principles. In this architecture, a program consists of a set of tree instructions, each one containing multiple branches and operations which can be performed simultaneously. The simulation/evaluation environment(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) E4 is the major genetic risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). ApoE4 assumes a pathological conformation through an intramolecular interaction mediated by Arg-61 in the amino-terminal domain and Glu-255 in the carboxyl-terminal domain, referred to as apoE4 domain interaction. Because AD is associated with mitochondrial(More)
We previously demonstrated that apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4) potentiates lysosomal leakage and apoptosis induced by amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide in cultured Neuro-2a cells and hypothesized that the low pH of lysosomes accentuates the conversion of apoE4 to a molten globule, inducing reactive intermediates capable of destabilizing cellular membranes. Here we(More)
We assessed the isoform-specific effects of apolipoprotein (apo) E on the response of Neuro-2a cells to the amyloid beta peptide (Abeta1-42). As determined by the intracellular staining pattern and the release of beta-hexosaminidase into the cytosol, apoE4-transfected cells treated with aggregated Abeta1-42 showed a greater tendency toward lysosomal leakage(More)
Silicon nanowires will find applications in nanoscale electronics and optoelectronics both as active and passive components. Here, we demonstrate a low-temperature vapor–liquid–solid synthesis method that uses liquid-metal solvents with low solubility for silicon and other elemental semiconductor materials. This method eliminates the usual requirement of(More)
A green approach for the synthesis of a set of ten 4-aryl substituted-5-alcoxy carbonyl-6-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2(1H)-pyridones using Meldrum's acid has been devised, the absence of solvent and the activation with infrared irradiation in addition to a multicomponent protocol are the main reaction conditions. The transformations proceeded with moderated yields(More)
Infrared irradiation promoted the Diels-Alder cycloadditions of exo-2-oxazolidinone dienes 1-3 with the Knoevenagel adducts 4-6, as dienophiles, leading to the synthesis of new 3,5-diphenyltetrahydrobenzo[d]oxazol-2-one derivatives (7, 9, 11 and 13-17), under solvent-free conditions. These cycloadditions were performed with good regio- and(More)
Tonsil Actisil FF, which is a commercial bentonitic clay, promotes the formation of cycloveratrylene macrocycles and benzyl oligomers from the corresponding benzyl alcohols in good yields under microwave heating and infrared irradiation in the absence of solvent in both cases. The catalytic reaction is sensitive to the type of substituent on the aromatic(More)
A simple green approach for the production of benzylideneaniline oxides is offered. This contribution was performed via the condensation of phenylhydroxylamine with several aryl aldehydes, in the absence of both catalyst and solvent, and using microwave irradiation as the activating reaction mode. In addition, good yields of the products were achieved in a(More)