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* Abstract Recent experimental work indicates that by the age of ten months, infants have already learned a great deal about the phonotactics (legal sounds and sound sequences) of their language. This learning occurs before infants can utter words or apprehend most phonological alternations. I will show that this early learning stage can be modeled with(More)
This paper documents a restriction against the co-occurrence of homorganic consonants in the root morphemes of Muna, a western Austronesian language, and compares the Muna pattern with the much-studied similar pattern in Arabic. As in Arabic, the restriction applies gradiently: its force depends on the place of articulation of the consonants involved, and(More)
Harmonic Grammar (HG) is a model of linguistic constraint interaction in which well-formedness is calculated as the sum of weighted constraint violations. We show how linear programming algorithms can be used to determine whether there is a weighting for a set of constraints that fits a set of linguistic data. The associated software package OT-Help(More)
1. Introduction What is the nature of the interaction between stress and epenthesis? Do epenthetic syllables count in word stress, or not? This paper will study these questions from various angles and discuss the theoretical issues they raise. In SPE style phonology (Chomsky & Halle 1968), stress-epenthesis interaction depends on rule ordering. If vowel(More)
This paper develops a comprehensive optimality-theoretic analysis of a Japanese reversing argot. Similar to other types of prosodic-morphological word formation, the argot shows the activation of constraints defining phonological unmarkedness. This manifests itself in the emergence of optimal prosodic form, within the limits imposed by a game-specific(More)
This paper examines two types of metathesis in the Austronesian language, Leti. The first is motivated by a requirement that all phrases end in a vowel, and the second, by syllable well-formedness conditions: syllables have onsets and tautosyllabic consonant clusters are avoided. The analyses in this paper are cast within the framework of Correspondence(More)
The phonology and morphology of Guugu Yimidhirr, an Australian language spoken in Queensland (Haviland 1979), make repeated reference to a constituent that has the size of precisely two syllables, irrespective of the quantity of the syllables involved. For various reasons, this disyllabic constituent cannot be morphological in nature, e.g. root or stem, and(More)