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Smolensky for valuable comments that have palpably improved the outcome to date. Special thanks to Manuela Noske and Mike Ziolkowski for handling the CLS arrangements. Stress is not one thing but many things. Among the contributing systems, current understanding — flowing from Liberman (1975) — distinguishes grouping; grid prominence; and tonology: each(More)
* Abstract Recent experimental work indicates that by the age of ten months, infants have already learned a great deal about the phonotactics (legal sounds and sound sequences) of their language. This learning occurs before infants can utter words or apprehend most phonological alternations. I will show that this early learning stage can be modeled with(More)
This paper documents a restriction against the co-occurrence of homorganic consonants in the root morphemes of Muna, a western Austronesian language, and compares the Muna pattern with the much-studied similar pattern in Arabic. As in Arabic, the restriction applies gradiently: its force depends on the place of articulation of the consonants involved, and(More)
Harmonic Grammar (HG) is a model of linguistic constraint interaction in which well-formedness is calculated as the sum of weighted constraint violations. We show how linear programming algorithms can be used to determine whether there is a weighting for a set of constraints that fits a set of linguistic data. The associated software package OT-Help(More)
1. Introduction What is the nature of the interaction between stress and epenthesis? Do epenthetic syllables count in word stress, or not? This paper will study these questions from various angles and discuss the theoretical issues they raise. In SPE style phonology (Chomsky & Halle 1968), stress-epenthesis interaction depends on rule ordering. If vowel(More)
A characteristic feature of conservative varieties of Tokyo Japanese (Hibiya 1999) is the interaction of a morphophonemic process of compound voicing with a general allophonic process of g-weakening. Given the current interest in parallelist approaches to the masking of certain phonological generalizations on the surface (dubbed " opacity " in Kiparsky(More)
This paper develops a comprehensive optimality-theoretic analysis of a Japanese reversing argot. Similar to other types of prosodic-morphological word formation, the argot shows the activation of constraints defining phonological unmarkedness. This manifests itself in the emergence of optimal prosodic form, within the limits imposed by a game-specific(More)