Rene Jimenez-Fabian

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Current lower limb prostheses do not integrate recent developments in robotics and in Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs). In fact, active lower limb prostheses seldom consider the user's intent, they often determine the correct movement from those of healthy parts of the body or from the residual limb. Recently, an emerging idea for non-invasive BCIs was(More)
This review focuses on control strategies for robotic ankle systems in active and semiactive lower-limb orthoses, prostheses, and exoskeletons. Special attention is paid to algorithms for gait phase identification, adaptation to different walking conditions, and motion intention recognition. The relevant aspects of hardware configuration and hardware-level(More)
Central pattern generators (CPGs) are known to play an important role in the generation of rhythmic movements in gait, both in animals and humans. The comprehension of their underlying mechanism has led to the development of an important family of algorithms at the basis of autonomous walking robots. Recently, it has been shown that human gait could be(More)
There are disadvantages to existing damping knee prostheses which cause an asymmetric gait and higher metabolic cost during level walking compared to non-amputees. Most existing active knee prostheses which could benefit the amputees use a significant amount of energy and require a considerable motor. In this work, a novel semi-active actuator with a(More)
Current active leg prostheses do not integrate the most recent advances in Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) and bipedal robotics. Moreover, their actuators are seldom driven by the subject’s intention. This paper aims at showing a summary of our current results in the field of human gait rehabilitation. In a first prototype, the main focus was on people(More)
This paper presents the development of the CYBERLEGs Alpha-Prototype prosthesis, a new transfemoral prosthesis incorporating a new variable stiffness ankle actuator based on the MACCEPA architecture, a passive knee with two locking mechanisms, and an energy transfer mechanism that harvests negative work from the knee and delivers it to the ankle to assist(More)
This review paper provides a synthetic yet critical overview of the key biomechanical principles of human bipedal walking and their current implementation in robotic platforms. We describe the functional role of human joints, addressing in particular the relevance of the compliant properties of the different degrees of freedom throughout the gait cycle. We(More)
The addition of active components to prostheses has the potential to extend the capabilities and reduce metabolic energy consumption of users when compared to current prosthetic technology. The CYBERLEGs Beta-Prosthesis is a new active transfemoral prosthesis that builds upon the passive principles of the CYBERLEGs Alpha-Prosthesis. The prosthesis has two(More)
Restoring natural walking for amputees has been increasingly investigated because of demographic evolution, leading to increased number of amputations, and increasing demand for independence. The energetic disadvantages of passive pros-theses are clear, and active prostheses are limited in autonomy. This paper presents the simulation, design and development(More)
In knee prosthetics and orthotics, there is the need to have a change in stiffness within the gait cycle. Doing this using a locking mechanism requires locking high forces using a small amount of energy. This paper presents a novel compact and light-weight locking mechanism which combines a ratchet-and-pawl and a singular position locking mechanism. It is(More)