Rene De Waal Malefyt

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TH-17 cells are a distinct lineage of proinflammatory T helper cells that are essential for autoimmune disease. In mice, commitment to the TH-17 lineage is dependent on transforming growth factor-β and interleukin 6 (IL-6). Here we demonstrate that IL-23 and IL-1β induced the development of human TH-17 cells expressing IL-17A, IL-17F, IL-22, IL-26,(More)
Interferon-β (IFN-β) is the major treatment for multiple sclerosis. However, this treatment is not always effective. Here we have found congruence in outcome between responses to IFN-β in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). IFN-β was effective in reducing EAE symptoms induced by T helper type 1(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells that have the ability to sense infection and tissue stress, sample and present antigen to T lymphocytes, and induce different forms of immunity and tolerance. The functional versatility of DCs depends on their remarkable ability to translate collectively the information from both the invading(More)
An enormous amount of information on interleukin 10 (IL-10) has been gathered since its original description as cytokine synthesis inhibition factor (CSIF) several years ago. In this short article, Maureen Howard and Anne O'Garra summarize what is currently known of the biological properties of IL-10 and speculate on its clinical potential.
T cell homeostasis is a self-regulating process for maintaining the size of the peripheral T cell pool. Although dendritic cells (DCs) seem to be important in T cell homeostasis, the molecular regulation of DC-mediated T cell homeostasis is unknown. We show that human DCs activated by thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) induced a robust expansion of(More)
CD4(+) T cells have been shown to be essential for vaccine-induced protection against Helicobacter pylori infection in mice. Less is known about the relative contributions of individual cell subpopulations, such as T(h)1 and T(h)17 cells, and their associated cytokines. The aim of the present study was to find immune correlates to vaccine-induced protection(More)
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a food allergy–associated inflammatory disease characterized by esophageal eosinophilia. Current management strategies for EoE are nonspecific, and thus there is a need to identify specific immunological pathways that could be targeted to treat this disease. EoE is associated with polymorphisms in the gene that encodes(More)
OBJECTIVES:Interleukin-23 (IL-23) has emerged as a new therapeutic target for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). As biomarkers of disease state and treatment efficacy are becoming increasingly important in drug development, we sought to identify efficacy biomarkers for anti-IL-23 therapy in Crohn's disease (CD).METHODS:Candidate IL-23(More)