Rene A Girard

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The survey instrument used in the national study of physician activities conducted by the University of Southern California, Division of Research in Medical Education, is a log-diary in which physicians kept a record of their actual professional activities. The log-diary focused on use of physician time and patient encounters and employed numerical coding(More)
A nationwide study of practitioners in 24 medical and surgical specialties was conducted by the University of Southern California School of Medicine, Division of Research in Medical Education. In this second report of a series presenting findings for internal medicine, general internal medicine and 10 subspecialties of internal medicine are compared using a(More)
A nationwide study of the practice activities of dermatologists reports that dermatology is a predominantly outpatient specialty, with 97% of patient encounter occurring outside of the hospital. The average dermatologist cares for approximately 7,000 patients a year and functions almost exclusively as a specialist, with only 2.2% of his cases related to(More)
1 A census is typically carried out for people at a national level; however, microbial ecologists 2 have implemented a molecular census of bacteria and archaea by sequencing their 16S rRNA 3 genes. We assessed how well the microbial census of full-length 16S rRNA gene sequences is 4 proceeding in the context of recent advances in high throughput sequencing(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Early exposure to primary care is hypothesized as a means of reducing attrition in primary care specialty preference over the course of medical school. This study evaluated an elective preclinical primary care track that featured generalist instructors as role models and a community office-based experience in the second year of(More)
A major feature of a national survey of medical and surgical specialties is the development and application of an algorithm for classifying patient care services provided by physicians. The care classification reflects much of prevailing opinion regarding what constitutes primary and nonprimary care. The classification system provides a powerful tool for(More)
A nationwide study of 24 medical and surgical specialties has been conducted by the University of Southern California School of Medicine, Division of Research in Medical Education. This article is the first in a series reporting findings for general internal medicine and 10 subspecialties of internal medicine. Populations for these 11 specialties are(More)
Results of a national survey of nonfederal otorhinolaryngologist regarding their practices provide the following portrait of the typical physician who specializes in otorhinolaryngology: male, between 35 and 45 years old, engaged in solo practice in a metropolitan area in the southern part of the country. He works a 46-hour week, devoting most of his time(More)