Learn More
Although the proteins that read the gene regulatory code, transcription factors (TFs), have been largely identified, it is not well known which sequences TFs can recognize. We have analyzed the sequence-specific binding of human TFs using high-throughput SELEX and ChIP sequencing. A total of 830 binding profiles were obtained, describing 239 distinctly(More)
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) and N-WASP have emerged as key proteins connecting signalling cascades to actin polymerization. Here we show that the amino-terminal WH1 domain, and not the polyproline-rich region, of N-WASP is responsible for its recruitment to sites of actin polymerization during Cdc42-independent, actin-based motility of vaccinia(More)
One of the main stumbling blocks encountered when attempting to express foreign proteins in Escherichia coli is the occurrence of amorphous aggregates of misfolded proteins, called inclusion bodies (IB). Developing efficient protein native structure recovery procedures based on IB refolding is therefore an important challenge. Unfortunately, there is no(More)
Producing soluble proteins in Escherichia coli is still a major bottleneck for structural proteomics. Therefore, screening for soluble expression on a small scale is an attractive way of identifying constructs that are likely to be amenable to structural analysis. A variety of expression-screening methods have been developed within the Structural Proteomics(More)
The peptidoglycan (PGN)-recognition protein LF (PGRP-LF) is a specific negative regulator of the immune deficiency (Imd) pathway in Drosophila. We determine the crystal structure of the two PGRP domains constituting the ectodomain of PGRP-LF at 1.72 and 1.94 Å resolution. The structures show that the LFz and LFw domains do not have a PGN-docking groove that(More)
Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most widely used expression system for the production of recombinant proteins for structural and functional studies. However, to obtain milligrams of soluble proteins is still challenging since many proteins are expressed in an insoluble form without optimization. Therefore when working with tens of proteins or protein(More)
Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) catalyzes protein folding linked to disulfide bond formation in secreted proteins. It consists of four major domains, denoted a, b, b' and a'. The a and a' domains each contain an active site motif, -CGHC-, which is directly involved in thiol-disulfide exchange reactions during catalysis. The roles of the b and b' domains(More)
In selecting a method to produce a recombinant protein, a researcher is faced with a bewildering array of choices as to where to start. To facilitate decision-making, we describe a consensus 'what to try first' strategy based on our collective analysis of the expression and purification of over 10,000 different proteins. This review presents methods that(More)
NADH-dehydrogenase (Complex I) is the first complex of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. It is an amphipatic molecule located in the inner mitochondrial membrane and is composed of at least 35 unique subunits encoded by both mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. The whole complex was isolated in detergent from the fungus Neurospora crassa. It is very stable in(More)
Mutations in SRPX2 (Sushi-Repeat Protein, X-linked 2) cause rolandic epilepsy with speech impairment (RESDX syndrome) or with altered development of the speech cortex (bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria). The physiological roles of SRPX2 remain unknown to date. One way to infer the function of SRPX2 relies on the identification of the as yet unknown SRPX2(More)