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Many antiretroviral therapies, including efavirenz, are associated with increased serum concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In a small 52-week randomized study, we found that switching from efavirenz to nevirapine was associated with significantly decreased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, compared with continuation of(More)
In our tertiary university hospital, fluoroquinolones were prohibited during 2001 leading to a 90% reduction in their use. Our objective was to examine the trends in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) following the reintroduction of fluoroquinolones. We conducted a 10-year time-series analysis of monthly MRSA according to: (i) period of(More)
Biliary tract infection by Cryptosporidium parvum is a frequent complication of intestinal cryptosporidiosis in immunosuppressed patients. Although biliary tract infection can be produced in immunosuppressed models as a late complication of intestinal infection, there is no infection model in immunocompetent animals. A murine model of biliary tract(More)
Resistance to nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) increases with the wider use of this class of antiretroviral therapy. The association between adherence and resistance to NNRTI-based regimens is poorly understood. Predictors of virologic failure and resistance according to a baseline evaluation of nonadherence risk factors were(More)
Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is emerging in HIV-negative patients, for whom the prognosis is significantly worse than in HIV-infected patients and risk factors are poorly characterized. We performed an observational, multi-centre, prospective study of 56 consecutive cases of documented PCP in HIV-negative patients, and found that: (1) the main(More)
BACKGROUND A high frequency of virus infections has been recently pointed out in the exacerbations of asthma in children. OBJECTIVES To confirm this, using conventional and molecular detection methods, and expanding the study to younger children. STUDY DESIGN One hundred and thirty-two nasal aspirates from 75 children hospitalized for a severe attack of(More)
BACKGROUND While the relationship between average adherence to HIV potent antiretroviral therapy is well defined, the relationship between patterns of adherence within adherence strata has not been investigated. We examined medication event monitoring system (MEMS) defined adherence patterns and their relation to subsequent virologic rebound. METHODS AND(More)
Once-daily regimens of antiretroviral therapy are simpler than other regimens, but whether such regimens are associated with better adherence to treatment is controversial. We performed a meta-analysis of 11 randomized, controlled trials (total number of subjects, 3029), which revealed that the adherence rate was better with once-daily regimens (+2.9%; 95%(More)
The cases of 48 adult patients with tuberculous meningitis who were admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) between 1982 and 1993 were reviewed. An underlying disease was present in 24 patients (50%), including 10 with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Forty-seven patients were referred to the ICU because of neurological deterioration; 22 were comatose(More)