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The measurement of key molecules in individual cells with minimal disruption to the biological milieu is the next frontier in single-cell analyses. Nanoscale devices are ideal analytical tools because of their small size and their potential for high spatial and temporal resolution recordings. Here, we report the fabrication of disk-shaped carbon(More)
The development of innovative techniques for the functionalization of carbon nanotubes that preserve their exceptional quality, while robustly enriching their properties, is a central issue for their integration in applications. In this work, we describe the formation of a covalent network of porphyrins around MWNT surfaces. The approach is based on the(More)
Herein, we describe a new localized functionalization method of graphene oxide (GO) deposited on a silicon oxide surface. The functionalization starts with the reduction of GO by electrogenerated naphthalene radical anions. The source of reducers is a microelectrode moving close to the substrate in a typical scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM)(More)
Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM), is a recent analytical technique in electrochemistry, which was developed in the 1990s and uses microelectrodes to probe various surfaces. Even with the well-known disc microelectrodes, the system geometry is not as simple as in regular electrochemistry. As a consequence even the simplest experiments, the(More)
Fabrication of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) tips cannot always guarantee a perfect disk geometry. In the present work, the impact of these defaults is investigated both theoretically and experimentally. The situations where these defaults can accurately be taken into account by considering that the probe behaves like a microdisk with effective(More)
Catalase activity through hydrogen peroxide decomposition in a 1 mM bulk solution above Vibrio fischeri (γ-Protebacteria-Vibrionaceae) bacterial biofilms of either symbiotic or free-living strains was studied in real time by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). The catalase activity, in units of micromoles hydrogen peroxide decomposed per minute over(More)
In scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM), an approach curve performed in feedback mode involves the downward displacement of a microelectrode toward a substrate while applying a bias to detect dissolved electroactive species at a diffusion-limited rate. The resulting measured current is said to be at steady state. In order to reduce the required(More)
The scanning electrochemical microscope (SECM) in the lithographic mode is used to assess quantitatively, from both theoretical and experimental points of view, the kinetics of irreversible transformation of electroactive molecular moieties immobilized on a surface as self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). The SECM tip allows the generation of an etchant that(More)
Organic semiconductors have great potential for producing hydrogen in a durable and economically viable manner because they rely on readily available materials and can be solution-processed over large areas. With the objective of building efficient hybrid organic-inorganic photoelectrochemical cells, we combined a noble-metal-free and solution-processable(More)