Renato Poggioli

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Available data concerning the effect of oxytocin on memory are often inconsistent. In the present study it was found that oxytocin, intracerebroventricularly injected to adult male rats in a dose range of 1 fg-10 ng/rat immediately after a 5-minute encounter with a juvenile, significantly reduces the social investigation time of the adult rat towards the(More)
ACTH-(1-24) and alpha-MSH, intracerebroventricularly (ICV) injected at the doses of 4 and 10 micrograms/animal, respectively, markedly inhibited spontaneous feeding in adult Sprague-Dawley rats, the effect remaining significant for 6-9 hours. At these same doses, ACTH-(1-24) and alpha-MSH abolished the feeding-stimulatory effect of the kappa opiate receptor(More)
Oxytocin, intraperitoneally injected to 26-month-old male rats 60 min before testing, significantly improved social memory (at doses of 3 and 6 ng/kg) and reduced the duration of immobility in the behavioral despair test (at doses of 50 and 500 micrograms/kg). These results are in agreement with previous data obtained in adult rats and indicate that aging(More)
While intracerebroventricular injection of galanin (5 micrograms/rat) inhibited sexual behavior in experienced male rats--without producing any other locomotor or behavioral deficit-, injection of the galanin antagonist, galantide, by the same route (1 or 2 micrograms/rat) stimulated sexual behavior (improving arousal, motivation and performance indexes)(More)
In male rats, whether sexually experienced or sexually naive, the intraperitoneal administration of L-arginine (the natural substrate for nitric oxide synthase) (10, 25, 50 mg/kg) both increased the percentage of copulating in sexually naive rats and improved the indexes of sexual performance in sexually experienced rats, whereas the intraperitoneal(More)
The time course of the behavior of rats fasted for 24 h was analyzed with observation starting either 10 or 60 min after the i.c.v. administration of ACTH-(1-24) (4 micrograms/animal). The anorectic effect of this peptide was direct and specific because it could be dissociated in time from the grooming-inducing effect. The effect is a central one, not(More)
The synthetic corticotropin ACTH (1-24) (tetracosactide), injected into a brain lateral ventricle after a 24h starvation period or into the ventromedial hypothalamus during the nocturnal feeding phase, markedly inhibited food intake, in rats. In starved rats, the dose of 4 micrograms/rat was maximally effective and reduced food intake by 76.6% during the(More)
The effect of pinacidil and cromakalim, two KATP channel openers, on intestinal transit and castor oil-induced diarrhea was studied in mice. Both drugs, administered orally, dose dependently inhibited the intestinal propulsion of charcoal, and castor oil-induced diarrhea, comparing favorably with morphine. These results may suggest a new approach for the(More)
In intact, non-ovariectomized female rats in spontaneous behavioral estrus, the i.c.v. injection of oxytocin significantly increased lordosis quotient and lordosis duration, starting from a dose of 1 ng/rat. On the other hand, the oxytocin antagonist, d(CH2)5Tyr(Me)-[Orn]8-vasotocin, injected at the same doses and by the same route, decreased lordosis(More)