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We studied N-(2-aminoethyl)-N-(4-(benzyloxy)-3-methoxybenzyl)thiophene-2-carboxamide hydrochloride (M8-B), a selective and potent antagonist of the transient receptor potential melastatin-8 (TRPM8) channel. In vitro, M8-B blocked cold-induced and TRPM8-agonist-induced activation of rat, human, and murine TRPM8 channels, including those on primary sensory(More)
Peripheral chemoreflex activation with potassium cyanide (KCN) in awake rats or in the working heart-brainstem preparation (WHBP) produces: (a) a sympathoexcitatory/pressor response; (b) bradycardia; and (c) an increase in the frequency of breathing. Our main aim was to evaluate neurotransmitters involved in mediating the sympathoexcitatory component of the(More)
Immune challenges during neonatal period may permanently program immune responses later in life, including endotoxin fever. We tested the hypothesis that neonatal endotoxin exposure affects stress fever in adult rats. In control rats (treated with saline as neonates; nSal) body temperature peaked approximately 1.5 degrees C during open-field stress, whereas(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is a gaseous neuromodulator endogenously produced in the brain by the enzyme cystathionine β-synthase (CBS). We tested the hypothesis that H(2)S acts within the anteroventral preoptic region of the hypothalamus (AVPO) modulating the production of prostaglandin (PG) E(2) (the proximal mediator of fever) and cyclic AMP (cAMP). To this(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a gasotransmitter synthesized in peripheral tissues by the enzyme cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE). This gas has been documented to be involved in a wide variety of processes including inflammation and nociception. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the peripheral H2S pathway in nociceptive response to the(More)
Hypoxia causes a regulated decrease in body temperature (Tb), a response that has been aptly called anapyrexia, but the mechanisms involved are not completely understood. The roles played by nitric oxide (NO) and other neurotransmitters have been documented during hypoxia-induced anapyrexia, but no information exists with respect to hydrogen sulfide(More)
We have documented that the locus coeruleus (LC), the main noradrenergic nucleus in the brain, is part of a thermoeffector neuronal pathway in fever induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Following this pioneering study, we have investigated the role of the LC carbon monoxide (CO) and nitric oxide (NO) pathways in fever. Interestingly, despite both CO and NO(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is now recognized as a new gaseous transmitter involved in several brain-mediated responses. The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM)/Bötzinger complex is a region in the brainstem that is involved in cardiovascular and respiratory functions. Recently, it has been shown that exogenous H2S in the RVLM modulates autonomic function and(More)
Ghrelin is a gut-derived peptide that plays a role in energy homeostasis. Recent studies have implicated ghrelin in systemic inflammation, showing increased plasma ghrelin levels after endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) administration. The aims of this study were (1) to test the hypothesis that ghrelin administration affects LPS-induced fever; and (2) to(More)
AIM We hypothesized that hydrogen sulphide (H2 S), acting specifically in the anteroventral preoptic region (AVPO - an important integrating site of thermal and cardiorespiratory responses to hypoxia in which H2 S synthesis has been shown to be increased under hypoxic conditions), modulates the hypoxic ventilatory response. METHODS To test this(More)