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This study focuses on neuromuscular mechanisms behind ankle torque and EMG variability during a maintained isometric plantar flexion contraction. Experimentally obtained torque standard deviation (SD) and soleus, medial gastrocnemius, and lateral gastrocnemius EMG envelope mean and SD increased with mean torque for a wide range of torque levels. Computer(More)
STUDY DESIGN Lumbosacral nerve roots and dorsal root ganglia in relation to surrounding bony structures in normal subjects were investigated using magnetic resonance imaging. OBJECTIVES This study determined the normal anatomic parameters of the lumbosacral nerve root and dorsal root ganglion, to which degenerative or pathologic changes may be compared.(More)
Several models have been employed to study human postural control during upright quiet stance. Most have adopted an inverted pendulum approximation to the standing human and theoretical models to account for the neural feedback necessary to keep balance. The present study adds to the previous efforts in focusing more closely on modelling the physiological(More)
An analysis of the frequencies and locations of lumbar ventral dural adhesions was undertaken to ascertain their possible role in enhancing the low-back pain consequent to lumbar disc herniation. Data derived from a previous investigation, conducted for a different purpose, were incorporated with that of the presented study to provide a more extensive(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have reported that incubation of polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) in uraemic plasma or with different haemodialysis membranes and peritoneal dialysis solutions increases apoptosis in this cell type. In addition, PMN harvested from uraemic patients show a reduced ability to generate superoxide in response to stimuli as well as(More)
UNLABELLED Oscillations in the beta and gamma bands (13-30 Hz; 35-70 Hz) have often been observed in motor cortical outputs that reach the spinal cord, acting on motoneurons and interneurons. However, the frequencies of these oscillations are above the muscle force frequency range. A current view is that the transformation of the motoneuron pool inputs into(More)
A biologically-inspired model of the Soleus neuromuscular system was used to study the influences of musculotendon mechanical properties on the proprioceptive feedback and on the short-latency reflex. The model structure comprised: i) stochastic descending drive to a motoneuron pool; ii) a Hill-type muscle model; and iii) a muscle spindle model with its Ia(More)
During a study of the intrinsic vasculature of the lumbosacral spinal nerve roots in cadavers, a typical case of spinal stenosis was encountered. A review of the antemortem anamnesis revealed that this patient had had an intermittent claudication of the cauda equina. Investigation of the concomitant vascular and histopathological alterations of the affected(More)