Renato Naville Watanabe

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Several models have been employed to study human postural control during upright quiet stance. Most have adopted an inverted pendulum approximation to the standing human and theoretical models to account for the neural feedback necessary to keep balance. The present study adds to the previous efforts in focusing more closely on modelling the physiological(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is highly prevalent among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and it has been described as a strong predictor of mortality in the dialysis population. Because there is a lack of information regarding cardiovascular calcification and clinical outcomes in the earlier stages of the disease,(More)
UNLABELLED Oscillations in the beta and gamma bands (13-30 Hz; 35-70 Hz) have often been observed in motor cortical outputs that reach the spinal cord, acting on motoneurons and interneurons. However, the frequencies of these oscillations are above the muscle force frequency range. A current view is that the transformation of the motoneuron pool inputs into(More)
This study focuses on neuromuscular mechanisms behind ankle torque and EMG variability during a maintained isometric plantar flexion contraction. Experimentally obtained torque standard deviation (SD) and soleus, medial gastrocnemius, and lateral gastrocnemius EMG envelope mean and SD increased with mean torque for a wide range of torque levels. Computer(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have reported that incubation of polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) in uraemic plasma or with different haemodialysis membranes and peritoneal dialysis solutions increases apoptosis in this cell type. In addition, PMN harvested from uraemic patients show a reduced ability to generate superoxide in response to stimuli as well as(More)
In an in vivo crossover trial, we compared a cellulosic with a synthetic dialyzer with respect to polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) function and apoptosis, cytokine serum levels and synthesis by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), and complement activation. Twenty hemodialysis (HD) patients were assigned in alternate order to HD with cellulose acetate(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation has been associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) and anemia in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Recent studies have shown that serum levels of soluble Fas (sFas), an antiapoptotic and proinflammatory molecule, are elevated in patients with cardiac disease and patients with ESRD. We therefore sought(More)
INTRODUCTION Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is highly prevalent among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and its strong association with mortality has been recognized early in the course of CKD. The aim of the present study was to test the effect of rosuvastatin and sevelamer hydrochloride on the progression of CAC in nondialyzed CKD patients. (More)
Hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis are associated with inflammatory events and immunological incompetence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of both uremia and dialysis modality on the production of cytokines and reactive oxygen species (ROS) by monocytes. four groups of subjects were studied: 28 chronic kidney disease (CKD)(More)
Late referral (LR) to dialysis therapy has been associated with poor outcomes in people with end-stage renal disease. This had been ascribed to the frequent use of temporary vascular catheters (TVCs) in LR patients. The effects of LR and TVC on the outcomes of an incident hemodialysis population (n = 101) were investigated. There was a higher incidence of(More)