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BACKGROUND In experimental models, hypothalamic inflammation is an early and determining factor in the installation and progression of obesity. Pharmacological and gene-based approaches have proven efficient in restraining inflammation and correcting the obese phenotypes. However, the role of nutrients in the modulation of hypothalamic inflammation is(More)
Extracellular free radicals were detected in rat striatal perfusate samples by intracerebral microdialysis coupled to the spin trapping technique. Five Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 30 min of global ischemia followed by reperfusion; throughout the experimental period the intrastriatal dialysing probe was perfused with Ringer's solution containing(More)
Polyamines and ornithine decarboxylase, the polyamine biosynthetic enzyme, have been demonstrated to increase in the early phase of several types of brain lesion. However, their role in the pathogenesis of tissue damage is still debated. In the present paper the effects of treatments with alpha-difluoromethylornithine, a suicide inhibitor of ornithine(More)
The NPY neurons play an important role in information handling in the CNS by their ability to interact in both wiring and volume transmission at the network, local circuit and synaptic level. The importance of NPY/alpha 2 receptor-receptor interactions in cardiovascular, neuroendocrine and vigilance control is emphasized. Alterations in these(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The striatum is one of the regions most sensitive to transient forebrain ischemia. After 30-minute ischemia, areas of massive neuronal degeneration are clearly detectable a few hours after the insult and attain their maximal extension 24 hours after the insult. However, for most cellular and neurochemical parameters it is not known(More)
By means of radioimmunoassay procedures, cholecystokinin-(CCK) and somatostatin-(SRIF) like immunoreactivity have been studied in the dorsal hippocampal formation and in the frontoparietal cortex of the male rat in insulin-induced hypoglycaemia, leading to an isoelectric EEG pattern. It has been demonstrated that severe hypoglycaemia of 40-min-duration(More)
The morphological and functional impairments observed in the aging brain are discussed in the framework of theoretical concepts, such as the existence of different modalities of intercellular communication and of specific trophic features in the central nervous system. The relevance of changes at the cellular level (disappearance of neuronal cell bodies and(More)
The main serotoninergic groups have been described in the midbrain raphe; in the region of the solitary tract, serotonin (5-HT) has been localized in varicose processes and terminals. This study shows the presence of serotoninergic neurons located in the medial nuclei of the solitary tract of intracisternally injected rats, and describe the mapping, the(More)
The effects of transient (30') forebrain ischemia (4 vessel occlusion model) on peptidergic neurons and astroglial cells in various diencephalic and telencephalic areas have been analyzed. The study was performed at various time intervals of reperfusion, i.e. 4 h, 1, 7 and 40 days. Neuropeptide Y (NPY), somatostatin (SRIF), cholecystokinin (CCK), vasoactive(More)