Renato Fraietta

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Impaired testicular function, i.e., hypogonadism, can result from a primary testicular disorder (hypergonadotropic) or occur secondary to hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction (hypogonadotropic). Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism can be congenital or acquired. Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism is divided into anosmic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (Kallmann(More)
with a long-term follow-up. Moreover, there is still a debate as to the effects of varicocele repair on testosterone levels in eugonadal men. It has been our experience that microsurgical varicocelectomy may improve the semen quality and androgen production in hypogonadal men with clinical varicocele. In general, these observed effects are achieved in a(More)
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