Renato Dutra Dias

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Data from the literature have demonstrated that synaptosomal preparations from various sources can hydrolyze externally added ATP. Various authors characterized this activity as an ecto-ATPase. In the present report, we demonstrate that synaptosomal preparations obtained from the cerebral cortex of rats show ATPase activity that could not be dissociated(More)
Pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) is a common convulsant agent used in animal models to investigate the mechanisms of seizures. Although adult zebrafish have been recently used to study epileptic seizures, a thorough characterization of the PTZ-induced seizures in this animal model is missing. The goal of this study was to perform a detailed temporal behavior(More)
Human platelets contain an ATP diphosphohydrolase activity (apyrase, EC 3.6.1.5) that is Ca(2+) dependent, hydrolyses ATP and ADP and also GTP, ITP, CTP, GDP, IDP, CDP. The enzyme does not hydrolyse AMP, p-nitrophenylphosphate, inorganic phosphate or glucose-6-phosphate. Contaminant activities were ruled out because the enzyme was not inhibited by 2 μg/d(More)
Long-term exposure to low levels of organophosphate pesticides (OP) may produce neuropsychiatric symptoms. We performed clinical, neuropsychiatric, and laboratory evaluations of 37 workers involved in family agriculture of tobacco from southern Brazil who had been exposed to OP for 3 months, and in 25 of these workers, after 3 months without exposure to OP.(More)
Rats were submitted to step-down inhibitory avoidance training and to habituation of a rearing response to a tone with a 2-h interval between the two tasks, and were tested for retention of both tasks on the next day. When animals were trained first in inhibitory avoidance and then in habituation, retention of the avoidance behavior was impaired. When the(More)
The effect on retention of the post-training intraperitoneal administration of ACTH1-24 (0.2 or 2.0 micrograms/kg), epinephrine HCl (5.0 or 50.0 micrograms/kg), human beta-endorphin (0.1 or 1.0 microgram/kg), naloxone (0.4 mg/kg), and of the combination of naloxone or beta-endorphin with ACTH or epinephrine was studied in two different but closely related(More)
Nucleotides, e.g. ATP and ADP, are important signaling molecules, which elicit several biological responses. The degradation of nucleotides is catalyzed by a family of enzymes called NTPDases (nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases). The present study reports the enzymatic properties of a NTPDase (CD39, apyrase, ATP diphosphohydrolase) in brain(More)
The effect of different detergents on the ATPase and ADPase activities from synaptic plasma membrane were investigated. Triton X-100, deoxycholate, CHAPS, Nonidet, N-octylglucoside and C12E8, which is commonly used to solubilize plasma membrane proteins, easily inactivated the ATPase and ADPase activities, while digitonin was not harmful to the enzyme.(More)
In the present report we describe an apyrase (ATP diphosphohydrolase, EC 3.6.1.5) in rat blood platelets. The enzyme hydrolyses almost identically quite different nucleoside di- and triphosphates. The calcium dependence and pH requirement were the same for the hydrolysis of ATP and ADP and the apparent Km values were similar for both Ca2+-ATP and Ca2+-ADP(More)
Taurine (TAU) is an amino sulfonic acid that plays protective roles against neurochemical impairments induced by ethanol (EtOH). Mounting evidence shows the applicability of zebrafish for evaluating locomotor parameters and anxiety-like behavioral phenotypes after EtOH exposure in a large scale manner. In this study, we assess the effects of TAU(More)