Renato Chávez

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In nature, there are numerous microorganisms that efficiently degrade xylan, a major component of lignocellulose. In particular, filamentous fungi have demonstrated a great capability for secreting a wide range of xylanases, being the genus Aspergillus and Trichoderma the most extensively studied and reviewed among the xylan-producing fungi. However, an(More)
A number of xylanolytic microorganisms secrete to the medium several molecular forms of endoxylanases. The physiological function of these isoforms is not clear; one possibility is that they are produced under different growth conditions. To study this problem, we have used two endoxylanases (XynA and XynB) produced by the fungus Penicillium purpurogenum.(More)
The filamentous fungus Penicillium roqueforti is widely known as the ripening agent of blue-veined cheeses. Additionally, this fungus is able to produce several secondary metabolites, including the meroterpenoid compound mycophenolic acid (MPA). Cheeses ripened with P. roqueforti are usually contaminated with MPA. On the other hand, MPA is a commercially(More)
The diversity of sponge-associated fungi has been poorly investigated in remote geographical areas like Antarctica. In this study, 101 phenotypically different fungal isolates were obtained from 11 sponge samples collected in King George Island, Antarctica. The analysis of ITS sequences revealed that they belong to the phylum Ascomycota. Sixty-five isolates(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae was transformed with a genomic library from Penicillium purpurogenum, and an endoxylanase-producing yeast clone (named 44A) that grows on xylose or xylan as sole carbon source was isolated. This yeast synthesizes xynA mRNA and secretes endoxylanase A to culture media when grown on xylan or xylose, but not glucose. Analysis by(More)
At least three acetyl xylan esterases (AXE I, II and III) are secreted by Penicillium purpurogenum. This publication describes more detailed work on AXE I and its gene. AXE I binds cellulose but not xylan; it is glycosylated and inactivated by phenylmethylsulphonyl fluoride, showing that it is a serine esterase. The axe1 gene presents an open reading frame(More)
Genetic manipulation of the filamentous fungus Penicillium camemberti has been limited by a lack of suitable genetics tools for this fungus. In particular, there is no available homologous transformation system. In this study, the nitrate reductase (niaD) and orotidine-5′-monophosphate decarboxylase (pyrG) genes from Penicillium camemberti were(More)
Hybrids between Solanum etuberosum and S. pinnatisectum harboring resistance to titer buildup of potato leafroll virus (PLRV) were reciprocally crossed with tuber-bearing wild species S. acaule and S. verrucosum. A total of 47 hybrids with acaule were obtained with the aid of embryo rescue and sterile culturing of embryos from imbibing seeds. All but two(More)
Hybridization of synthetic allotetraploids of S. pinnatisectum with S. etuberosum (4x-EP) with S. acaule (2n = 4x = 48) resulted in two individuals that were highly fertile, in contrast to all other progenies. The unique individuals are hexaploids, 2n = 72, while the other progenies are tetraploids, 2n = 48. They are thought to be the products of a union(More)
Unlike filamentous fungi and bacteria, very little is known about cultivable yeasts associated with marine sponges, especially those from Antarctic seas. During an expedition to King George Island, in the Antarctica, samples of 11 marine sponges were collected by scuba-diving. From these sponges, 20 psychrotolerant yeast isolates were obtained. Phylogenetic(More)