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BACKGROUND Current diagnosis and staging of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are significantly improved by the introduction of the chromogranin A (CgA) assay in plasma or serum as a tumor marker, and by the use of somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) for tumor localization. However, the clinical role of CgA assay compared with SRS in the management of NETs(More)
Two common mutations, 677 C-->T and a1298 A-->C, in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) reduce the activity of MTHFR and folate metabolism. Familial aggregation in a variable but significant proportion of gastric cancer (GC) cases suggests the importance of genetic predisposition in determining risk. In this study, we evaluate MTHFR(More)
Celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated disorder triggered by the ingestion of wheat gliadin and related proteins in genetically predisposed individuals. To find a proteomic CD diagnostic signature and to gain a better understanding of pathogenetic mechanisms associated with CD, we analyzed the intestinal mucosa proteome alterations using two dimensional(More)
BACKGROUND The variability in the association of host innate immune response to Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection requires ruling out the possible role of host KIR and HLA genotypes in HCV-related disorders: therefore, we therefore explored the relationships between KIR/HLA genotypes and chronic HCV infection (CHC) as they relate to the risk of HCV-related(More)
The majority of gastroenteropancreatic well-differentiated endocrine carcinomas (WDEC) express somatostatin receptors (SSTR). To correlate the expression of SSTR subtypes by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with clinicopathological features and survival in a group of WDEC patients, 42 WDEC tissue specimens from 33 patients were(More)
In Response: In a recent work, Xia and colleagues (1) found that the small GTPase Ran is broadly overexpressed in cancer. In accordance with the emerging evidence that the Ran-GTP signaling pathway may be preferentially exploited in cancer, the authors show that it becomes essential for cell division in transformed, but not in normal, cells. In patients(More)
Soluble E-cadherin is a 80 kDa protein fragment coming from the proteolytic cleavage of the extracellular domain of the full length epithelial cadherin, a molecule involved in cell adhesion/polarity and tissue morphogenesis. In comparison with normal epithelia, cancer cells show a decreased cadherin-mediated intercellular adhesion, and sE-cad levels(More)
BACKGROUND The small intestine is an important human organ that plays a central role in many physiological functions including digestion, absorption, secretion and defense. Duodenal pathologies include, for instance, the ulcer associated to Helicobacter Pylori infection, adenoma and, in genetically predisposed individuals, celiac disease. Alterations in the(More)
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is characterized by the onset of symptoms after eating gluten-containing food. We aimed to single out NCGS subjects among subjects with functional gastrointestinal symptoms. Patients were enrolled in a multicenter double-blind placebo-controlled trial with crossover. Symptoms and quality of life were evaluated by means(More)