Renato Cannizzaro

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BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM Small-bowel tumors account for 1% - 3% of all gastrointestinal neoplasms. Recent studies with video capsule endoscopy (VCE) suggest that the frequency of these tumors may be substantially higher than previously reported. The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency, clinical presentation, diagnostic/therapeutic work-up, and(More)
BACKGROUND Duodenal cancer and ampullary cancer are major causes of death after a prophylactic colectomy in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Forward-viewing endoscopy and side-viewing endoscopy are recommended in patients with FAP for surveillance of periampullary and duodenal polyposis. The study of polyps distal to the duodenum in FAP(More)
Two common mutations, 677 C→T and a1298 A→C, in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) reduce the activity of MTHFR and folate metabolism. Familial aggregation in a variable but significant proportion of gastric cancer (GC) cases suggests the importance of genetic predisposition in determining risk. In this study, we evaluate MTHFR(More)
Type II mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) is a systemic vasculitis characterized by the presence in the serum of a monoclonal cryoprecipitable IgM with rheumatoid factor (RF) activity. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been recognized as its major etiologic factor. Because MC frequently evolves into overt B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), chronic HCV infection is(More)
The usefulness of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) for decompression in patients with unresolving intestinal obstruction by gynecological malignancy is examined. Between April 1993 and August 1995, 34 consecutive patients with small-bowel obstruction by gynecological cancer, heavily pretreated with surgery and chemotherapy, were admitted to our(More)
The majority of gastroenteropancreatic well-differentiated endocrine carcinomas (WDEC) express somatostatin receptors (SSTR). To correlate the expression of SSTR subtypes by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with clinicopathological features and survival in a group of WDEC patients, 42 WDEC tissue specimens from 33 patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, in particular follicular lymphoma (FL), is characterized by multiple remissions and relapses. Several studies have used interferon-alpha (IFN) to control this disease, both as induction and as maintenance therapy. It is not yet clear whether IFN can be associated with a survival benefit although it may prolong(More)
This report contains clinically oriented guidelines for the diagnostic work-up and follow-up of cystic pancreatic neoplasms in patients fit for treatment. The statements were elaborated by working groups of experts by searching and analysing the literature, and then underwent a consensus process using a modified Delphi procedure. The statements report(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a simple method of achieving nonsurgical gastric decompression in patients suffering from metastatic abdominal tumors and upper gastrointestinal tract obstruction. The aim of this prospective study was both to evaluate the efficacy of PEG for intestinal decompression in patients with(More)
The incidence of Cholangiocellular carcinoma (CCA) is increasing, due to a sharp increase of the intra-hepatic form. Evidence-ascertained risk factors for CCA are primary sclerosing cholangitis, Opistorchis viverrini infection, Caroli disease, congenital choledocal cist, Vater ampulla adenoma, bile duct adenoma and intra-hepatic lithiasis. Obesity,(More)