Renato Brandimarti

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Abnormal activation of CXCR 4 during inflammatory/infectious states may lead to neuronal dysfunction or damage. The major goal of this study was to determine the coupling of CXCR 4 to p53-dependent survival pathways in primary neurons. Neurons were stimulated with the HIV envelope protein gp120(IIIB) or the endogenous CXCR 4 agonist, SDF-1 alpha. We found(More)
Postmitotic neurons need to keep their cell cycle under control to survive and maintain a differentiated state. This study aims to test the hypothesis that the chemokine CXCL12 regulates neuronal survival and differentiation by promoting Rb function, as suggested by previous studies showing that CXCL12 protects neurons from apoptosis induced by Rb loss. To(More)
Neurons express a variety of chemokine receptors that regulate neuronal signaling and survival, including CXCR4 and CCR5, the two major human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coreceptors. However, the role of chemokine receptors in HIV neuropathology and neuroinflammatory disorders is still unclear. This study aims to determine whether chemokine receptors(More)
CXCR4, the specific receptor for the chemokine SDF-1 alpha that also binds CXCR4-using HIV gp120s, affects survival of different cell types, including neurons. However, current data show that the outcome of CXCR4 activation on neuronal survival may vary depending on the ligand and/or the cellular conditions. In this study, we have systematically compared(More)
Earlier reports have shown that herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) mutants induce programmed cell death and that wild-type HSV blocks the execution of the cell death program triggered by viral gene products, by the effectors of the immune system such as the Fas and tumor necrosis factor pathways, or by nonspecific stress agents such as either osmotic shock(More)
Many membranous organelles and protein complexes are normally transported anterograde within axons to the presynaptic terminal, and details of the motors, adaptors and cargoes have received significant attention. Much less is known about the transport in neurons of non-membrane bound particles, such as mRNAs and their associated proteins. We propose that(More)
In order to test the hypothesis that alteration of cell cycle proteins are involved in the neuronal damage caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the authors have been studying the effect of chemokines on the CDK/Rb/E2F-1 pathway--which is involved in neuronal apoptosis and differentiation. First, they have asked whether CXCR4, the specific receptor(More)
Reaching the right destination is of vital importance for molecules, proteins, organelles, and cargoes. Thus, intracellular traffic is continuously controlled and regulated by several proteins taking part in the process. Viruses exploit this machinery, and viral proteins regulating intracellular transport have been identified as they represent valuable(More)
DNA Polymerases generate pyrophosphate every time they catalyze a step of DNA elongation. This elongation reaction is generally believed as thermodynamically favoured by the hydrolysis of pyrophosphate, catalyzed by inorganic pyrophosphatases. However, the specific action of inorganic pyrophosphatases coupled to DNA replication in vivo was never(More)
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