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BACKGROUND The ability to detect disease outbreaks early is important in order to minimize morbidity and mortality through timely implementation of disease prevention and control measures. Many national, state, and local health departments are launching disease surveillance systems with daily analyses of hospital emergency department visits, ambulance(More)
We propose a new graph based strategy for the detection of spatial clusters of arbitrary geometric form in a map of geo-referenced populations and cases. Our test statistic is based on the likelihood ratio test previously formulated by Kulldorff and Nagarwalla for circular clusters. A new technique of adaptive simulated annealing is developed, focused on(More)
Regionalization is a classification procedure applied to spatial objects with an areal representation, which groups them into homogeneous contiguous regions. This paper presents an efficient method for regionalization. The first step creates a connectivity graph that captures the neighbourhood relationship between the spatial objects. The cost of each edge(More)
Geosensor networks comprise small electro-mechanical devices that communicate over a wireless network. These devices collect environmental measures and send them to a base station. Energy consumption and data routing are critical factors for efficient geosensor networks. The usual cluster-based data routing protocols for sensor networks group the nodes(More)
—The main goal of a data collection protocol for sensor networks is to keep the network's database updated while saving the nodes' energy as much as possible. To achieve this goal without continuous reporting, data suppression is a key strategy. The basic idea behind data suppression schemes is to send data to the base station only when the nodes' readings(More)
BACKGROUND Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a vector-borne disease whose factors involved in transmission are poorly understood, especially in more urban and densely populated counties. In Brazil, the VL urbanization is a challenge for the control program. The goals were to identify the greater risk areas for human VL and the risk factors involved in(More)
How often do individuals perform a given communication activity in the Web, such as posting comments on blogs or news? Could we have a generative model to create communication events with realistic inter-event time distributions (IEDs)? Which properties should we strive to match? Current literature has seemingly contradictory results for IED: some studies(More)
Traffic jam is a common contemporary society issue in urban areas. City-wide traffic modeling, visualization, analysis, and prediction are still challenges in this context. Based on Bing Maps information, this work aims to acquire, aggregate, analyze, visualize, and predict traffic jam. Chicago area was evaluated as case study. The flow intensity (free or(More)
A new topic of great relevance and concern has been the design of efficient early warning systems to detect as soon as possible the emergence of spatial clusters. In particular, many applications involving spatial events recorded as they occur sequentially in time require this kind of analysis, such as fire spots in forest areas as in the Amazon, crimes(More)